Real Fourdimensionalism

An Essay in the Ontology of Persistence and Mind

  • Ludwig Jaskolla

Part of the Philosophical Studies Series book series (PSSP, volume 130)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. The Puzzle of Persistence

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Ludwig Jaskolla
      Pages 7-18
    3. Ludwig Jaskolla
      Pages 19-22
  3. The Challenges to 4-Dimensionalism

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 23-23
    2. Ludwig Jaskolla
      Pages 25-87
    3. Ludwig Jaskolla
      Pages 89-117
  4. Real Fourdimensionalism

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 119-119
    2. Ludwig Jaskolla
      Pages 121-130
    3. Ludwig Jaskolla
      Pages 131-186
    4. Ludwig Jaskolla
      Pages 187-205
    5. Ludwig Jaskolla
      Pages 207-221
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 231-257

About this book


This book explores persistence, taking human beings as an example case. It investigates how concrete particulars stay the same during their temporal carriers while changing significantly. Themes of relativity, structural realism, 4-dimensional ontologies and different strains of panpsychism are amongst those addressed in this work.

Beginning with an exploration of the puzzle of persistence, early chapters look at philosophers’ perspectives and models of persistence. Competitors in the debate are introduced, from classical 3-dimensionalism to two flavors of 4-dimensionalism, namely worm theory and stage theory. The second part of the book explores the various challenges to 4-dimensionalism and develops a positive taxonomy of those questions that the reasonable proponent of 4-dimensionlism needs to answer.

In the third part of the book readers may explore an ontology at the interface of analytic metaphysics and philosophy of mind, called Real Fourdimensionalism, or more sp

ecifically: Physicalistic Stage-Panexperientialism (PSP). This is a version of panexperiential stage theory and its alleged model of persistence-as-deciding answers the questions of the taxonomy.

This book makes a substantial contribution to debates concerning the status, extent and viability of both stage theoretic models of persistence as well as non-reductive, naturalistic models of persistence. It will be of interest to graduates and scholars involved in analytic metaphysics, as well as the philosophy of mind, especially those specializing in questions of persistence and the ontology of the mind. 


Problems of Fourdimensionalism Arguments against 4-Dimensionalism Formal Models of Persistence Model Theory and 4-dimensionalism Metaphilosophical Evaluation Insufficient Binding and the Problems of 4-Dimensionalism Real Fourdimensionalism Structuring Causation Mental Causation, Persistence and Grounding Problems of 4-dimensionalism and PSP

Authors and affiliations

  • Ludwig Jaskolla
    • 1
  1. 1.Munich School of PhilosophyMunichGermany

Bibliographic information