Dual Markets

Comparative Approaches to Regulation

  • Ernesto U. Savona
  • Mark A.R. Kleiman
  • Francesco Calderoni

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Drugs

  3. Alcohol and Tobacco

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 191-191
    2. Helgi Gunnlaugsson
      Pages 237-248
    3. Francesco Calderoni, Marco Dugato, Virginia Aglietti, Alberto Aziani, Martina Rotondi
      Pages 267-286
  4. Controversial Services

  5. Back Matter
    Pages 387-400

About this book


This comprehensive volume analyzes dual markets for regulated substances and services, and aims to provide a framework for their effective regulation. A “dual market” refers to the existence of both a legal and an illegal market for a regulated product or service (for example, prescription drugs). These regulations exist in various countries for a mix of public health, historical, political and cultural reasons. Allowing the legal market to thrive, while trying to eliminate the illegal market, provides a unique challenge for governments and law enforcement.

Broken down into nine main sections, the book studies comparative international policies for regulating these “dual markets” from a historical, legal, and cultural perspective. It includes an analysis of the markets for psychoactive substances that are illegal in most countries (such as marijuana, cocaine, opiods and amphetimines),  psychoactive substances which are legal in most countries and where consumption is widespread (such as alcohol and tobacco), and services that are generally regulated or illegal (such as sports betting, the sex trade, and gambling). For each of these nine types of markets, contributions focus on the relationship between regulation, the emerging illegal market, and the resulting overall access to these services. 

This work aims to provide a comprehensive framework from a historical, cultural, and comparative international perspective. It will be of interest to researchers in criminology and criminal justice, particularly with an interest in organized crime, as well as related fields such as sociology, public policy, international relations, and public health.


Black Market Illegal Drug Use Regulation and Corruption Organized Crime Prohibition Decriminalization Drug Policy Legalization of Marijuana Opiates and Heroin Markets Gambling Tobacco Regulation Sex Trade and Prostitution

Editors and affiliations

  • Ernesto U. Savona
    • 1
  • Mark A.R. Kleiman
    • 2
  • Francesco Calderoni
    • 3
  1. 1.TranscrimeUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreMilanItaly
  2. 2.Marron Institute of Urban ManagementNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.TranscrimeUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreMilanItaly

Bibliographic information