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Embracing 'Asia' in China and Japan

Asianism Discourse and the Contest for Hegemony, 1912-1933

  • Torsten Weber

Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Transnational History Series book series (PMSTH)

Table of contents

About this book

Introduction

This book examines how Asianism became a key concept in mainstream political discourse between China and Japan and how it was used both domestically and internationally in the contest for political hegemony. It argues that, from the early 1910s to the early 1930s, this contest changed Chinese and Japanese perceptions of ‘Asia’, from a concept that was foreign-referential, foreign-imposed, peripheral, and mostly negative and denied (in Japan) or largely ignored (in China) to one that was self-referential, self-defined, central, and widely affirmed and embraced. As an ism, Asianism elevated ‘Asia’ as a geographical concept with culturalist-racialist implications to the status of a full-blown political principle and encouraged its proposal and discussion vis-à-vis other political doctrines of the time, such as nationalism, internationalism, and imperialism. By the mid-1920s, a great variety of conceptions of Asianism had emerged in the transnational discourse between Japan and China. Terminologically and conceptually, they not only paved the way for the appropriation of ‘Asia’ discourse by Japanese imperialism from the early 1930s onwards but also facilitated the embrace of Sino-centric conceptions of Asianism by Chinese politicians and collaborators.

Keywords

Geopolitics Internationalism Socialism Imperialism Pan-Asian East Asia Interwar

Authors and affiliations

  • Torsten Weber
    • 1
  1. 1.DIJ German Institute for Japanese StudiesTokyoJapan

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-65154-5
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2018
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages History
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-65153-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-65154-5
  • Buy this book on publisher's site