© 2018

Reducing Inequalities

A Challenge for the European Union?

  • Renato Miguel Carmo
  • Cédric Rio
  • Márton Medgyesi
  • Presents contributions from internationally recognised specialists of socioeconomic inequalities and European process from distinct scientific disciplines and different European countries

  • Critically discusses the public policies affecting vulnerable populations and regional discrepancies in the European Union

  • Questions the legitimacy of the social role of the European Union


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Renato Miguel Carmo, Cédric Rio, Márton Medgyesi
    Pages 1-10
  3. Inequality and Poverty in European Union

  4. European Union against Inequality

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 135-135
    2. Antoon Vandevelde
      Pages 187-212
    3. Philippe Van Parijs
      Pages 213-223
    4. Thomas Piketty, Frederico Cantante
      Pages 225-239
    5. Renato Miguel Carmo, Cédric Rio, Márton Medgyesi
      Pages 241-247
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 249-259

About this book


This edited collection analyses social inequality in the European Union, within and between countries. The work critically explores both vertical inequality, existing between those with high incomes and low incomes, and horizontal inequality, existing between groups according to nationality, age, ethnicity, and gender.

Reducing Inequalities has been written by leading academics in the field who describe the current social situation in the European Union, focussing on inequality from a multidimensional perspective that includes income, poverty, social exclusion, education. The authors argue that social issues such as these have become national prerogatives for countries within the European Union. In response they ask: How does the European Union engage with inequality today? What principles of social solidarity ought to be applied between states and citizens of the European Union? What should be the role of European Union and its institutions regarding the challenge of reducing inequality?

This book will be of interest to anyone seeking to understand inequality as a multidimensional concept, rather than solely as an economic phenomenon, across different geographical and historical contexts.


Economic and social crisis Austerity Unemployment Social exclusion Poverty Vertical inequality Horizontal inequality

Editors and affiliations

  • Renato Miguel Carmo
    • 1
  • Cédric Rio
    • 2
  • Márton Medgyesi
    • 3
  1. 1.University of LisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Centre Maurice HalbwachsParisFrance
  3. 3.TÁRKI, Social Research Institute and Institute for SociologyCSS Hungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary

About the editors

Renato Miguel Carmo is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Research and Studies in Sociology (CIES-IUL) and Assistant Professor at the University Institute of Lisbon (ISCTE-IUL), Portugal. He is Director of the Observatory of Inequalities and member of the European research network, Inequality Watch. Issues such as social and spatial inequalities, public policy, mobilities and social capital have been at the core of his research projects.

Cédric Rio is a philosopher specialised in social justice and inequality and he is currently a researcher at the Centre Maurice Halbwachs (CNRS/EHESS/ENS) in France. He is the coordinator of Inequality Watch, an independent European research network.

Márton Medgyesi is Senior Researcher at both the TARKI Social Research Institute, Hungary and at the Institute for Sociology, Centre for Social Sciences at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. He holds an MSc in Applied Economics from Sciences Po, France and a PhD in Sociology from Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungary.

Bibliographic information


“The book discusses the issue from different perspectives using various indicators such as income and economic inequalities, poverty and social exclusion, categorical inequalities and social class and educational inequalities. … It is an interesting read for all irrespective of ones’ educational background – and for those who want to know more about the challenges relating to inequality that Europe currently faces.” (Abhishek, European Journal of Social Security, Vol. 21(1), 2019)