The CLES-Scale: An Evaluation Tool for Healthcare Education

  • Mikko Saarikoski
  • Camilla Strandell-Laine

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vi
  2. Mikko Saarikoski
    Pages 1-4
  3. Clinical Learning Environment: Theoretical and Practical Principles

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 5-5
    2. María Flores Vizcaya-Moreno, Rosa María Pérez-Cañaveras
      Pages 31-45
    3. Riitta Meretoja, Tiina Tarr, Camilla Strandell-Laine
      Pages 47-53
  4. Ensuring the High Quality of a Clinical Learning Environment

  5. The CLES Framework: New Perspectives and Areas for Development

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 89-89
    2. Kristina Mikkonen, Olga Riklikiene
      Pages 103-111
    3. Camilla Strandell-Laine, Leena Salminen
      Pages 113-119

About this book


This contributed book is the first to focus on the Clinical Learning Environment and Supervision (CLES) framework. The origin instrument version of the CLES-scale has been published in Finland in 2002, and has generated wide European and International interest. The CLES network has pursued Europe-wide research. This book brings a unique perspective of students’ clinical practicum in healthcare education and discusses how the national quality system can be used in the continual development of student supervisory systems. The book first presents the theoretical and practical principles of clinical learning, then defines the challenges of clinical learning for mentorship, clinical staff and nurse teachers. This volume also offers examples of the benefits and future perspectives of the CLES framework in healthcare education.

It is aimed at researchers and clinical professionals who contribute to students’ clinical learning at universities and healthcare organisations. It is especially suitable as a learning tool for clinical staff mentorship training courses and master’s level healthcare education studies.  


Health care education Clinical practicum Mentorship CLES framework Quality monitoring

Editors and affiliations

  • Mikko Saarikoski
    • 1
  • Camilla Strandell-Laine
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Nursing ScienceUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  2. 2.Department of Nursing ScienceUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Medicine
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-63648-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-63649-8
  • Buy this book on publisher's site