Agromining: Farming for Metals

Extracting Unconventional Resources Using Plants

  • Antony Van der Ent
  • Guillaume Echevarria
  • Alan J.M. Baker
  • Jean Louis Morel

Part of the Mineral Resource Reviews book series (MIRERE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Rufus L. Chaney, Alan J. M. Baker, Jean Louis Morel
    Pages 1-17
  3. Philip Nti Nkrumah, Rufus L. Chaney, Jean Louis Morel
    Pages 19-38
  4. Marie-Odile Simonnot, James Vaughan, Baptiste Laubie
    Pages 39-51
  5. Marie-Noëlle Pons, Jérémy Rodrigues, Marie-Odile Simonnot
    Pages 53-73
  6. Roger D. Reeves, Antony van der Ent, Alan J. M. Baker
    Pages 75-92
  7. Sylvain Merlot, Vanesa Sanchez Garcia de la Torre, Marc Hanikenne
    Pages 93-116
  8. Vidiro Gei, Peter D. Erskine, Hugh H. Harris, Guillaume Echevarria, Jolanta Mesjasz-Przybyłowicz, Alban D. Barnabas et al.
    Pages 117-133
  9. Peter D. Erskine, Gavin Lee, Bruno Fogliani, Laurent L’Huillier, Stéphane McCoy
    Pages 189-204
  10. Aida Bani, Guillaume Echevarria, Dolja Pavlova, Seit Shallari, Jean Louis Morel, Sulejman Sulçe
    Pages 221-232
  11. Michel-Pierre Faucon, Olivier Pourret, Bastien Lange
    Pages 233-239
  12. Maria Clemencia Zambrano, Linxi Yuan, Xuebin Yin, Gary Bañuelos
    Pages 241-251
  13. Brett Robinson, Chris Anderson
    Pages 253-261
  14. Chuan Wu, Shengguo Xue
    Pages 263-273
  15. Tongbin Chen, Mei Lei, Xiaoming Wan, Xiaoyong Zhou, Jun Yang, Guanghui Guo et al.
    Pages 275-281
  16. Longhua Wu, Pengjie Hu, Zhu Li, Tong Zhou, Daoxu Zhong, Yongming Luo
    Pages 283-296
  17. Chang Liu, Ming Yuan, Wen-Shen Liu, Mei-Na Guo, Hermine Huot, Ye-Tao Tang et al.
    Pages 297-308
  18. Jean Louis Morel, Guillaume Echevarria, Antony van der Ent, Alan J. M. Baker
    Pages 309-312

About this book


This is the first book on global agromining/phytomining technology. It presents the complete metal farming or agromining chain; an emerging technology expected to be transformative in the extraction of resources of those elements not accessible by traditional mining techniques. Meeting the demand for critical minerals (rare earth elements, platinum group elements, nickel cobalt) is increasingly difficult in the 21st century due to resource depletion and geopolitical factors. Agromining uses hyperaccumulator plants as “metal crops” farmed on sub-economic soils or mineral waste to obtain valuable elements.

This book, which follows the metal farming chain, starts with the latest information on the global distribution and ecology of hyperaccumulator plants, biogeochemical pathways, the influence of rhizosphere microbes, as well as aspects of propagation and conservation of these unusual plants. It then presents the state of the art in new tools for identifying hyperaccumulator plants and for understanding their physiology and molecular biology. It goes on to describe the agronomy of “metal crops,” and opportunities for incorporating agromining into rehabilitation and mine closure, including test-cases of nickel, cobalt, selenium, thallium, rare earth elements and PGEs. Finally, it concludes with an overview of the latest developments in the processing of bio-ores and associated products.

This book is edited and authored by the pioneers in the field who have been at the foreground of the development of agromining over the past three decades. It is timely as agromining is now at a pivotal point in its development with rapid expansion of activities in the field around the globe. As such it is of interest to environmental professionals in the minerals industry, government regulators and academics.


Metal Farming Hyperaccumulator Plants Bio-ore Resource Extraction Unconventional Metallurgy

Editors and affiliations

  • Antony Van der Ent
    • 1
  • Guillaume Echevarria
    • 2
  • Alan J.M. Baker
    • 3
  • Jean Louis Morel
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratoire Sols et EnvironnementUMR 1120, Université de Lorraine-INRAVandoeuvre-lès-NancyFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire Sols et EnvironnementUMR 1120, Université de Lorraine-INRAVandoeuvre-lès-NancyFrance
  3. 3.School of BioSciencesThe University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  4. 4.Laboratoire Sols et EnvironnementUMR 1120, Université de Lorraine-INRAVandoeuvre-lès-NancyFrance

Bibliographic information