Buoyancy-Thermocapillary Convection of Volatile Fluids in Confined and Sealed Geometries

  • Tongran¬†Qin

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Tongran Qin
    Pages 1-17
  3. Tongran Qin
    Pages 19-35
  4. Tongran Qin
    Pages 37-73
  5. Tongran Qin
    Pages 75-93
  6. Tongran Qin
    Pages 95-123
  7. Tongran Qin
    Pages 125-140
  8. Tongran Qin
    Pages 141-147
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 149-209

About this book


This thesis represents the first systematic description of the two-phase flow problem. Two-phase flows of volatile fluids in confined geometries driven by an applied temperature gradient play an important role in a range of applications, including thermal management, such as heat pipes, thermosyphons, capillary pumped loops and other evaporative cooling devices.  Previously, this problem has been addressed using a piecemeal approach that relied heavily on correlations and unproven assumptions, and the science and technology behind heat pipes have barely evolved in recent decades. The model introduced in this thesis, however, presents a comprehensive physically based description of both the liquid and the gas phase.

The model has been implemented numerically and successfully validated against the available experimental data, and the numerical results are used to determine the key physical processes that control the heat and mass flow and describe the flow stability. One of the key contributions of this thesis work is the description of the role of noncondensables, such as air, on transport. In particular, it is shown that many of the assumptions used by current engineering models of evaporative cooling devices are based on experiments conducted at atmospheric pressures, and these assumptions break down partially or completely when most of the noncondensables are removed, requiring a new modeling approach presented in the thesis.

Moreover, Numerical solutions are used to motivate and justify a simplified analytical description of transport in both the liquid and the gas layer, which can be used to describe flow stability and determine the critical Marangoni number and wavelength describing the onset of the convective pattern. As a result, the results presented in the thesis should be of interest both to engineers working in heat transfer and researchers interested in fluid dynamics and pattern formation.


numerical simulation of two-phase flows convection in volatile fluids modeling of evaporative cooling devices two-phase evaporative cooling devices convection at atmospheric conditions

Authors and affiliations

  • Tongran¬†Qin
    • 1
  1. 1.George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-61330-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-61331-4
  • Series Print ISSN 2190-5053
  • Series Online ISSN 2190-5061
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