© 2018

Biodiversity and Wind Farms in Portugal

Current knowledge and insights for an integrated impact assessment process

  • Miguel Mascarenhas
  • Ana Teresa Marques
  • Ricardo Ramalho
  • Dulce Santos
  • Joana Bernardino
  • Carlos Fonseca

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. Joana Santos, Joana Marques, Tiago Neves, Ana Teresa Marques, Ricardo Ramalho, Miguel Mascarenhas
    Pages 35-86
  3. Sandra Rodrigues, Luís Rosa, Miguel Mascarenhas
    Pages 87-110
  4. Gonçalo Ferrão da Costa, João Paula, Francisco Petrucci-Fonseca, Francisco Álvares
    Pages 111-134
  5. João Paula, Margarida Augusto, Tiago Neves, Regina Bispo, Paulo Cardoso, Miguel Mascarenhas
    Pages 135-149
  6. Joana Marques, Luísa Rodrigues, Maria João Silva, Joana Santos, Regina Bispo, Joana Bernardino
    Pages 151-204
  7. Helena Coelho, Silvia Mesquita, Miguel Mascarenhas
    Pages 205-224
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 225-226

About this book


This book presents a review of the state-of-the-art knowledge on the interactions between biodiversity and wind energy development, focused on the Portuguese reality. The volume addresses the particularities of the impact assessment procedures in Portugal, contrasting it with the international practices and presenting its main findings by covering the following broader themes: i) evaluation of spatial and temporal dynamics of wildlife affected by wind farms, including birds, bats and terrestrial mammals (in particularly Portuguese wolf population); ii) the methodologies used to assess impacts caused by this type of developments in biodiversity; iii) the best practice methodologies to implement an adaptive management approach to reconcile biodiversity and wind farms.

The knowledge presented in this book was gathered through the research and development activities developed by Bioinsight company (former Bio3 company) during the last 13 years and partially funded by a R&D project designated as “Integrated solutions for biodiversity management at wind farms: reduce and compensate bird and bat mortality” (acronym: Wind & Biodiversity), co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund (FEDER), under the Regional Operational Programme of Centre (Mais Centro).

This volume fills a void in the literature as a book giving insights on the best practices to install and manage a wind farm from a biodiversity management point of view, while establishing a commitment between economic sustainability and biodiversity conservation.


Adaptive management approach to wind farms Spacial and temporal effects on wildlife Wind farm biodiversity management Bird, bat and terrestrial mammals impacts from wind farms Wind energy development effects on wildlife

Editors and affiliations

  • Miguel Mascarenhas
    • 1
  • Ana Teresa Marques
    • 2
  • Ricardo Ramalho
    • 3
  • Dulce Santos
    • 4
  • Joana Bernardino
    • 5
  • Carlos Fonseca
    • 6
  1. 1.BioinsightOdivelasPortugal
  2. 2.cE3c—Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações AmbientaisFaculdade de Ciências da Universidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.BioinsightCape TownSouth Africa
  4. 4.Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar em Sanidade Animal (CIISA), Faculdade de Medicina VeterináriaUniversidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.CIBIO-InBIO, Department of Biology—Pole of MitraUniversity of ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  6. 6.Department of Biology—Group of Adaptation Biology and Ecological ProcessesUniversity of Aveiro—CESAMAveiroPortugal

Bibliographic information