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Grapevine Viruses: Molecular Biology, Diagnostics and Management

  • Baozhong Meng
  • Giovanni P. Martelli
  • Deborah A. Golino
  • Marc Fuchs

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. An Overview on Grapevine Viruses, Viroids and the Diseases They Cause

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. M. Digiaro, T. Elbeaino, G. P. Martelli
      Pages 47-82
    3. C. Schmitt-Keichinger, C. Hemmer, F. Berthold, C. Ritzenthaler
      Pages 83-107
    4. A. Rowhani, S. D. Daubert, J. K. Uyemoto, M. Al Rwahnih, M. Fuchs
      Pages 109-126
    5. R. A. Naidu
      Pages 127-139
    6. E. Angelini, N. Aboughanem-Sabanadzovic, V. V. Dolja, B. Meng
      Pages 141-165
    7. J. T. Burger, H. J. Maree, P. Gouveia, R. A. Naidu
      Pages 167-195
    8. N. Aboughanem-Sabanadzovic, V. Maliogka, S. Sabanadzovic
      Pages 197-220
    9. M. Al Rwahnih, P. Saldarelli, A. Rowhani
      Pages 221-228
    10. A. Minafra, M. Mawassi, D. Goszczynski, P. Saldarelli
      Pages 229-256
    11. B. Meng, A. Rowhani
      Pages 257-287
    12. A. Rowhani, J. K. Uyemoto, D. A. Golino, S. D. Daubert, M. Al Rwahnih
      Pages 289-302
    13. S. Sabanadzovic, N. Aboughanem-Sabanadzovic, G. P. Martelli
      Pages 331-349
    14. P. Saldarelli, V. Gualandri, U. Malossini, M. Glasa
      Pages 351-363
    15. G. P. Martelli, D. A. Golino, N. I. Katis
      Pages 365-371
    16. F. Di Serio, K. Izadpanah, M. Hajizadeh, B. Navarro
      Pages 373-392
  3. Methods for Diagnostics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 393-393
    2. A. Rowhani, P. La Notte, J. K. Uyemoto, S. D. Daubert, V. Savino
      Pages 395-407
    3. A. G. Blouin, K. M. Chooi, D. Cohen, R. M. MacDiarmid
      Pages 409-429
    4. A. Rowhani, F. Osman, S. D. Daubert, M. Al Rwahnih, P. Saldarelli
      Pages 431-450
  4. Effects of Viral Diseases, Epidemiology and Strategies for the Control and Management of Viruses and Viral Diseases

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 451-451
    2. E. Herrbach, A. Alliaume, C. A. Prator, K. M. Daane, M. L. Cooper, R. P. P. Almeida
      Pages 483-503
    3. P. Andret-Link, A. Marmonier, L. Belval, K. Hleibieh, C. Ritzenthaler, G. Demangeat
      Pages 505-529
    4. G. Pietersen, V. A. Bell, K. Krüger
      Pages 531-560
    5. D. A. Golino, M. Fuchs, S. Sim, K. Farrar, G. P. Martelli
      Pages 561-579
    6. D. A. Golino, M. Fuchs, M. Al Rwahnih, K. Farrar, A. Schmidt, G. P. Martelli
      Pages 581-598
    7. M. Fuchs, O. Lemaire
      Pages 599-621
  5. Metagenomics, Evolution and Biotechnological Applications of Grapevine Viruses

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 623-623
    2. P. Saldarelli, A. Giampetruzzi, H. J. Maree, M. Al Rwahnih
      Pages 625-642
    3. V. V. Dolja, B. Meng
      Pages 643-658
    4. V. V. Dolja, B. Meng, G. P. Martelli
      Pages 659-688
    5. G. P. Martelli
      Pages 689-691
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 693-698

About this book

Introduction

The domestication of grapes dates back five thousand years ago and has spread to nearly all continents. In recent years, grape acreage has increased dramatically in new regions, including the United States of America, Chile, Asia (China and India), and Turkey. A major limiting factor to the sustained production of premium grapes and wines is infections by viruses. The advent of powerful molecular and metagenomics technologies, such as molecular cloning and next generation sequencing, allowed the discovery of new viruses from grapes. To date, grapevine is susceptible to 64 viruses that belong to highly diverse taxonomic groups. The most damaging diseases include: (1) infectious degeneration; (2) leafroll disease complex; and (3) rugose wood complex. Recently, two new disease syndromes have been recognized: Syrah decline and red blotch. Losses due to fanleaf degeneration are estimated at $1 billion annually in France alone. Other diseases including leafroll, rugose wood, Syrah de

cline and red blotch can result in total crop loss several years post-infection. This situation is further exacerbated by mixed infections with multiple viruses and other biotic as well as adverse abiotic environmental conditions, such as drought and winter damage, causing even greater destruction.

The book builds upon the last handbook (written over twenty years ago) on the part of diagnostics and extensively expands its scope by inclusion of molecular biology aspects of select viruses that are widespread and economically most important.  This includes most current information on the biology, transmission, genome replication, transcription, subcellular localization, as well as virus-host interactions.  It also touches on several novel areas of scientific inquiry. It also contains suggested directions for future research in the field of graThe domestication of grapes dates back five thousand years ago and has spread to nearly all continents. In recent yea

rs, gra

pe acreage has increased dramatically in new regions, including the United States of America, Chile, Asia (China and India), and Turkey. A major limiting factor to the sustained production of premium grapes and wines is infections by viruses. The advent of powerful molecular and metagenomics technologies, such as molecular cloning and next generation sequencing, allowed the discovery of new viruses from grapes. To date, grapevine is susceptible to 64 viruses that belong to highly diverse taxonomic groups. The most damaging diseases include: (1) infectious degeneration; (2) leafroll disease complex; and (3) rugose wood complex. Recently, two new disease syndromes have been recognized: Syrah decline and red blotch. Losses due to fanleaf degeneration are estimated at $1 billion annually in France alone. Other diseases including leafroll, rugose wood, Syrah decline and red blotch can result in total crop loss several years post-infection. This situation is further exacerbated by mixed infections with multiple viruses and other biotic as well as adverse abiotic environmental conditions, such as drought and winter damage, causing even greater destruction.

The book builds upon the last handbook (written over twenty years ago) on the part of diagnostics and extensively expands its scope by inclusion of molecular biology aspects of select viruses that are widespread and economically most important.  This includes most current information on the biology, transmission, genome replication, transcription, subcellular localization, as well as virus-host interactions.  It also touches on several novel areas of scientific inquiry. It also contains suggested directions for future research in the field of grapevine virology.pevine virology. 

Keywords

Grapevine viruses clean stock certification programs diagnostics viral diseases Grapevine leafrol-associated virus

Editors and affiliations

  • Baozhong Meng
    • 1
  • Giovanni P. Martelli
    • 2
  • Deborah A. Golino
    • 3
  • Marc Fuchs
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Molecular and Cellular BiologyUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada
  2. 2.Department of Soil, Plant and Food SciencesUniversity of Bari Aldo MoroBariItaly
  3. 3.Foundation Plant ServicesUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA
  4. 4.Section of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, School of Integrative Plant Science, New York State Agricultural Experiment StationCornell UniversityGenevaUSA

Bibliographic information