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Ultraviolet Light in Human Health, Diseases and Environment

  • Shamim I. Ahmad

Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 996)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxiv
  2. Introduction, Historical Aspects and Sources of UV Light

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Shamim I. Ahmad, Luisa Christensen, Elma Baron
      Pages 3-11
  3. UV Photoproducts, Damage to DNA and Mutagenesis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 13-13
    2. T. L. de Jager, A. E. Cockrell, S. S. Du Plessis
      Pages 15-23
  4. UV Light and Human Diseases

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 25-25
    2. Rasnik K. Singh
      Pages 55-60
    3. Marcella Guarrera
      Pages 61-70
    4. Dheeraj Mohania, Shikha Chandel, Parveen Kumar, Vivek Verma, Kumar Digvijay, Deepika Tripathi et al.
      Pages 71-87
    5. Luisa Christensen, Amanda Suggs, Elma Baron
      Pages 89-104
    6. Torello M. Lotti, Serena Gianfaldoni
      Pages 105-110
    7. Vinod Kumar Sharma, Kanika Sahni
      Pages 111-122
    8. Katlein França, Torello M. Lotti
      Pages 123-134
  5. UV Light Benefits to Man

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 135-135
    2. Michael F. Holick
      Pages 137-154
    3. Mattia Bellan, Pier Paolo Sainaghi, Mario Pirisi
      Pages 155-168
    4. Konstantinos Douros, Barbara Boutopoulou, Sotirios Fouzas, Ioanna Loukou
      Pages 169-183
    5. Amanda L. Bennett, Carl J. Lavie
      Pages 185-192
    6. Claire Michael Issa
      Pages 193-205
    7. Tea Skaaby, Betina H. Thuesen, Allan Linneberg
      Pages 221-230
  6. UV Light in Sterilization

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 231-231
    2. Carla C. C. R. de Carvalho
      Pages 233-239
    3. Sarah Simmons, Charles Dale, James Holt, Katie Velasquez, Mark Stibich
      Pages 255-266
    4. John Gibson, Jennifer Drake, Bryan Karney
      Pages 267-275
  7. UV Light in Phototherapy

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 277-277
    2. José María Ortiz-Salvador, Amparo Pérez-Ferriols
      Pages 279-286
    3. Emőke Rácz, Errol P. Prens
      Pages 287-294
    4. Leonhard Zastrow, Martina C. Meinke, Stephanie Albrecht, Alexa Patzelt, Juergen Lademann
      Pages 311-318
    5. Annalisa Patrizi, Beatrice Raone, Giulia Maria Ravaioli
      Pages 319-331
  8. Tanning Saloon

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 333-333
    2. Jean-François Doré, Marie-Christine Chignol
      Pages 335-346
  9. UV Dosimeters

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 347-347
    2. David Robert Grimes
      Pages 349-360
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 361-365

About this book

Introduction

This book is about the roles and importance of Ultraviolet (UV) light from sun and from man-made UV lamps in our daily life, on health and diseases, also its application in sterilization and treatment. The key words are: reactive oxygen species, DNA damage, UV mutagenicity, skin cancers, polymorphous light eruption, Xeroderma pigmentosum, vitiligo, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndromes, cardiovascular diseases, dermatology, photobiology, photodermatosis, vitamin D synthesis, vitamin D efficiency, water sterilization, blood sterilization, phototherapies, skin tanning and UV dosimeter.

The book starts with introduction to UV light and the history of development of UV lamps and its applications. It then moves to describing the interaction of this light with biological components and the production of reactive oxygen species, their roles in cell signaling, cellular defense from foreign invaders, in mutagenesis leading to skin diseases including vitiligo, polymorphous light eruption and various forms of skin cancer. Then it presents the synthesis and importance of UV light and diseases, induced due to the deficiency of vitamin D. Roles of UV light in sterilization, disinfection, phototherapies are depicted in the next part and finally use and abuse of UV light in tanning salon and the availability and importance of use of UV dosimeter are highlighted.

The three main focuses of this book are:
- Damage to biological systems by UV light leading to certain skin diseases; most importantly skin cancers.
- Importance of UV light in the in vivo synthesis of vitamin D when human bodies are exposed to it.
- Diseases caused due to the deficiency of vitamin D and the use of UV lamps in phototherapy and sterilization processes.

The editor has considerable experience in publishing medical books and has used it critically selecting the matters which will attract the readers from many areas of medical and non-medical fields.

It is hoped that the materials presented in this book will give great benefit and will stimulate both novice and expert researchers in the field. The book gives excellent overviews of the current status of research and pointers to the future research achievements. Clinicians, medical general practitioners, technicians and staff working in UV related industries and especially those working in tanning salon should benefit from the information presented in safe handling of this light.

 

Keywords

Skin Cancer Vitamin D Phototherapy Reactive oxygen species Ecological Balance

Editors and affiliations

  • Shamim I. Ahmad
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Science and TechnologyNottingham Trent UniversityNottinghamUnited Kingdom

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56017-5
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-56016-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-56017-5
  • Series Print ISSN 0065-2598
  • Series Online ISSN 2214-8019
  • Buy this book on publisher's site