Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region

A Perspective from Economics

  • Ranjula Bali Swain

About this book


This book explores environmental challenges in the Baltic region from an economic perspective. Featuring contributions by regional experts from Nordic, Baltic and Eastern European countries it addresses the response to eutrophication caused by increased nutrients in the sea from agriculture, wastewater, industry and traffic. It then proposes cost-effective solutions to reach the Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP) targets set up through the Helsinki Commission (HELCOM).

Contributions also explore the environmental impacts of rural landscape change during the post-communist period in the Baltic Sea region and review the ex-post evaluations of the costs and benefits generated by Baltic Sea nutrient abatement policies. Public policies towards marine protection, wind power establishment, and attitudes to paying for environmental protection, environmental resilience and the international cooperation in the Baltic region are also discussed.


The Baltic Sea Climate change Eutrophication HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan BSAP Marine Strategy Framework Directive MSFD Marine protection Wind power Cyanobacterial Blooms Environmental protection Environmental Resilience

Editors and affiliations

  • Ranjula Bali Swain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsSödertörn University Department of EconomicsUppsalaSweden

Bibliographic information