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Modeling Coastal Hypoxia

Numerical Simulations of Patterns, Controls and Effects of Dissolved Oxygen Dynamics

  • Dubravko Justic
  • Kenneth A. Rose
  • Robert D. Hetland
  • Katja Fennel

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Hector R. Bravo, Sajad A. Hamidi, J. Val Klump, James T. Waples
    Pages 23-47
  3. Jeremy M. Testa, Yun Li, Younjoo J. Lee, Ming Li, Damian C. Brady, Dominic M. Di Toro et al.
    Pages 95-118
  4. Jerry D. Wiggert, Raleigh R. Hood, Christopher W. Brown
    Pages 119-147
  5. John C. Lehrter, Dong S. Ko, Lisa L. Lowe, Bradley Penta
    Pages 173-214
  6. Andrey O. Koch, Yvette H. Spitz, Harold P. Batchelder
    Pages 215-238
  7. Elizabeth LaBone, Dubravko Justic, Kenneth A. Rose, Lixia Wang, Haosheng Huang
    Pages 239-278
  8. Kim de Mutsert, Jeroen Steenbeek, James H. Cowan, Villy Christensen
    Pages 377-400
  9. Kenneth A. Rose, Dubravko Justic, Katja Fennel, Robert D. Hetland
    Pages 401-421
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 423-433

About this book

Introduction

This book provides a snapshot of representative modeling analyses of coastal hypoxia and its effects. Hypoxia refers to conditions in the water column where dissolved oxygen falls below levels that can support most metazoan marine life (i.e., 2 mg O2 l-1). The number of hypoxic zones has been increasing at an exponential rate since the 1960s; there are currently more than 600 documented hypoxic zones in the estuarine and coastal waters worldwide. Hypoxia develops as a synergistic product of many physical and biological factors that affect the balance of dissolved oxygen in seawater, including temperature, solar radiation, wind, freshwater discharge, nutrient supply, and the production and decay of organic matter. A number of modeling approaches have been increasingly used in hypoxia research, along with the more traditional observational and experimental studies. Modeling is necessary because of rapidly changing coastal circulation and stratification patterns that affect hypoxia, the large spatial extent over which hypoxia develops, and limitations on our capabilities to directly measure hypoxia over large spatial and temporal scales. This book consists of 15 chapters that are broadly organized around three main topics: (1) Modeling of the physical controls on hypoxia, (2) Modeling of biogeochemical controls and feedbacks, and, (3) Modeling of the ecological effects of hypoxia. The final chapter is a synthesis chapter that draws generalities from the earlier chapters, highlights strengths and weaknesses of the current state-of-the-art modeling, and offers recommendations on future directions.

Keywords

Depletion Eutrophication Fisheries Management Nutrients Oceanography Dead zones

Editors and affiliations

  • Dubravko Justic
    • 1
  • Kenneth A. Rose
    • 2
  • Robert D. Hetland
    • 3
  • Katja Fennel
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Oceanography and Coastal SciencesLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA
  2. 2.Louisiana State University Baton RougeUSA
  3. 3.Department of OceanographyTexas A&M University Department of OceanographyCollege StationUSA
  4. 4.Department of OceanographyDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada

Bibliographic information