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Race and Representative Bureaucracy in American Policing

  • Brandy A. Kennedy
  • Adam M. Butz
  • Nazita Lajevardi
  • Matthew J. Nanes

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-v
  2. Brandy A. Kennedy, Adam M. Butz, Nazita Lajevardi, Matthew J. Nanes
    Pages 1-10
  3. Brandy A. Kennedy, Adam M. Butz, Nazita Lajevardi, Matthew J. Nanes
    Pages 11-38
  4. Brandy A. Kennedy, Adam M. Butz, Nazita Lajevardi, Matthew J. Nanes
    Pages 39-60
  5. Brandy A. Kennedy, Adam M. Butz, Nazita Lajevardi, Matthew J. Nanes
    Pages 61-82
  6. Brandy A. Kennedy, Adam M. Butz, Nazita Lajevardi, Matthew J. Nanes
    Pages 83-110
  7. Brandy A. Kennedy, Adam M. Butz, Nazita Lajevardi, Matthew J. Nanes
    Pages 111-121
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 123-127

About this book

Introduction

This book examines issues of race and policing through the lens of representative bureaucracy theory. According to representative bureaucracy theory, demographic correspondence between government employees and the local population can lead to more favorable outcomes for minority groups. It argues that police forces with higher minority composition will have more positive outcomes across measures such as fewer excessive force complaints and fewer fatal encounters with officers.  Additionally, the book asserts that more representative forces will demonstrate responsiveness and accountability by implementing policies such as citizen review boards for excessive force complaints. It does this by first providing a brief overview of issues surrounding race and policing in America, documenting racial representation occurring in local police forces nationwide, and exploring the potential causes and consequences of underrepresentation. It concludes by discussing the implications of our findings and offer potential policy remedies and solutions that local law enforcements can pursue in order to reduce minority underrepresentation and improve policing outcomes.

Keywords

minorities representative bureaucracy passive representation active representation quantitative representation index lethal force regression analysis administration bureaucracy Ferguson

Authors and affiliations

  • Brandy A. Kennedy
    • 1
  • Adam M. Butz
    • 2
  • Nazita Lajevardi
    • 3
  • Matthew J. Nanes
    • 4
  1. 1.Georgia College and State UniversityMilledgevilleUSA
  2. 2.California State University, Long BeachLong BeachUSA
  3. 3.Uppsala UniversityUppsalaUSA
  4. 4.University of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA

Bibliographic information