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On Reasoning and Argument

Essays in Informal Logic and on Critical Thinking

  • David Hitchcock

Part of the Argumentation Library book series (ARGA, volume 30)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxvii
  2. Deduction, Induction and Conduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. David Hitchcock
      Pages 3-20
    3. David Hitchcock
      Pages 21-29
    4. David Hitchcock
      Pages 31-36
  3. Material Consequence

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 37-37
    2. David Hitchcock
      Pages 39-56
    3. David Hitchcock
      Pages 81-95
    4. David Hitchcock
      Pages 97-114
    5. David Hitchcock
      Pages 115-146
    6. David Hitchcock
      Pages 147-160
    7. David Hitchcock
      Pages 161-186
  4. Patterns of Reasoning

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 187-187
    2. David Hitchcock
      Pages 189-200
    3. David Hitchcock
      Pages 201-214
    4. David Hitchcock
      Pages 215-224
    5. David Hitchcock
      Pages 225-236
    6. David Hitchcock
      Pages 237-248
    7. David Hitchcock
      Pages 249-275
    8. David Hitchcock
      Pages 277-290
    9. David Hitchcock
      Pages 291-309
  5. Interpersonal Discussion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 311-311
    2. David Hitchcock
      Pages 313-321
    3. David Hitchcock
      Pages 323-334
    4. David Hitchcock
      Pages 335-345
  6. Evaluation of Reasoning

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 347-347
    2. David Hitchcock
      Pages 349-369
    3. David Hitchcock
      Pages 371-387
    4. David Hitchcock
      Pages 389-397
  7. Fallacies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 399-399
    2. David Hitchcock
      Pages 409-419
    3. David Hitchcock
      Pages 421-433
  8. Informal Logic and Critical Thinking

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 435-435
    2. David Hitchcock
      Pages 447-475
    3. David Hitchcock
      Pages 477-497
    4. David Hitchcock
      Pages 511-536
  9. David Hitchcock
    Pages E1-E1
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 537-553

About this book

Introduction

This book brings together in one place David Hitchcock’s most significant published articles on reasoning and argument. In seven new chapters he updates his thinking in the light of subsequent scholarship. Collectively, the papers articulate a distinctive position in the philosophy of argumentation.

Among other things, the author:
• develops an account of “material consequence” that permits evaluation of inferences without problematic postulation of unstated premises.
• updates his recursive definition of argument that accommodates chaining and embedding of arguments and allows any type of illocutionary act to be a conclusion. 
• advances a general theory of relevance.
• provides comprehensive frameworks for evaluating inferences in reasoning by analogy, means-end reasoning, and appeals to considerations or criteria.
• argues that none of the forms of arguing ad hominem is a fallacy.
• describes proven methods of teaching critical thinking effectively.

Keywords

David Hitchcock Reasoning and Argument J. Anthony Blair Deduction, induction and conduction Types of validity linked-convergent distinction Material consequence Enthymematic arguments Toulmin's warrants Counter-factuals Patterns of reasoning Reasoning by analogy Argumentation schemes

Authors and affiliations

  • David Hitchcock
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyMcMaster University Department of PhilosophyHamiltonCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-53562-3
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Religion and Philosophy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-53561-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-53562-3
  • Series Print ISSN 1566-7650
  • Series Online ISSN 2215-1907
  • Buy this book on publisher's site