Photosynthesis: Structures, Mechanisms, and Applications

  • Harvey J.M. Hou
  • Mohammad Mahdi Najafpour
  • Gary F. Moore
  • Suleyman I. Allakhverdiev

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Mohammad Mahdi Najafpour, Harvey J. M. Hou, Suleyman I. Allakhverdiev
    Pages 1-9
  3. Erica Belgio, Alexander V. Ruban
    Pages 33-49
  4. Jessica Wiwczar, Gary W. Brudvig
    Pages 51-66
  5. Wu Xu, Yingchun Wang
    Pages 111-168
  6. Leonid V. Kurepin, Alexander G. Ivanov, Mohammad Zaman, Richard P. Pharis, Vaughan Hurry, Norman P. A. Hüner
    Pages 185-202
  7. Beth Szyszka, Alexander G. Ivanov, Norman P. A. Hüner
    Pages 275-303
  8. Amarendra N. Misra, Ranjeet Singh, Meena Misra, Radka Vladkova, Anelia G. Dobrikova, Emilia L. Apostolova
    Pages 305-320
  9. Mohammad Mahdi Najafpour, Saeideh Salimi, Małgorzata Hołyńska, Fahime Rahimi, Mojtaba Tavahodi, Tatsuya Tomo et al.
    Pages 321-331
  10. Mohammad Mahdi Najafpour, Seyed Esmael Balaghi, Moayad Hossaini Sadr, Behzad Soltani, Davood Jafarian Sedigh, Suleyman I. Allakhverdiev
    Pages 333-341
  11. Art van der Est, Prashanth K. Poddutoori
    Pages 359-387
  12. Babak Pashaei, Hashem Shahroosvand
    Pages 389-405
  13. Back Matter
    Pages 415-417

About this book


To address the environmental, socioeconomic, and geopolitical issues associated with increasing global human energy consumption, technologies for utilizing renewable carbon-free or carbon-neutral energy sources must be identified and developed. Among renewable sources, solar energy is quite promising as it alone is sufficient to meet global human demands well into the foreseeable future. However, it is diffuse and diurnal. Thus effective strategies must be developed for its capture, conversion and storage. In this context, photosynthesis provides a paradigm for large-scale deployment. Photosynthesis occurs in plants, algae, and cyanobacteria and has evolved over 3 billion years. The process of photosynthesis currently produces more than 100 billion tons of dry biomass annually, which equates to a global energy storage rate of ~100 TW. Recently, detailed structural information on the natural photosynthetic systems has been acquired at the molecular level, providing a foundation for comprehensive functional studies of the photosynthetic process. Likewise, sophisticated spectroscopic techniques have revealed important mechanistic details. Such accomplishments have made it possible for scientists and engineers to construct artificial systems for solar energy transduction that are inspired by their biological counterparts. The book contains articles written by experts and world leaders in their respective fields and summarizes the exciting breakthroughs toward understanding the structures and mechanisms of the photosynthetic apparatus as well as efforts toward developing revolutionary new energy conversion technologies. The topics/chapters will be organized in terms of the natural sequence of events occurring in the process of photosynthesis, while keeping a higher-order organization of structure and mechanism as well as the notion that biology can inspire human technologies. For example, the topic of light harvesting, will be followed by charge separation at reaction centers, followed by charge stabilization, followed by chemical reactions, followed by protection mechanisms, followed by other more specialized topics and finally ending with artificial systems and looking forward. The book includes and integrates topics on the structures and mechanisms of photosynthesis, and provides relevant information on applications to bioenergy and solar energy transduction.


Bioenergy Photosynthesis Solar energy transduction Light harvesting Artificial systems

Editors and affiliations

  • Harvey J.M. Hou
    • 1
  • Mohammad Mahdi Najafpour
    • 2
  • Gary F. Moore
    • 3
  • Suleyman I. Allakhverdiev
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Physical SciencesAlabama State UniversityMontgomeryUSA
  2. 2.Center for Research in Climate Change and Global WarmingInstitute for Advanced Studies in Basic SciencesZanjanIran
  3. 3.School of Molecular Sciences, Center for Applied Structural Discovery at the Biodesign InstituteArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  4. 4.Institute of Plant PhysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Bibliographic information