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New Horizons in Fundamental Physics

  • Stefan Schramm
  • Mirko Schäfer

Part of the FIAS Interdisciplinary Science Series book series (FIAS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Nuclear Structure and Superheavy Elements

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. J. H. Hamilton, A. V. Ramayya, E. H. Wang
      Pages 3-13
    3. A. V. Karpov, V. I. Zagrebaev, W. Greiner
      Pages 31-40
    4. H. Geissel, G. Münzenberg, C. Scheidenberger
      Pages 55-79
    5. G. Münzenberg, H. M. Devaraja, T. Dickel, H. Geissel, M. Gupta, S. Heinz et al.
      Pages 81-90
    6. W. von Oertzen, A. K. Nasirov
      Pages 91-101
  3. Physics of Heavy-Ion Collisions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 125-125
    2. V. Vovchenko, M. I. Gorenstein, L. M. Satarov, H. Stöcker
      Pages 127-137
    3. Francesco Becattini, Marcus Bleicher, Jan Steinheimer, Reinhard Stock
      Pages 139-150
    4. H. Berrehrah, M. Nahrgang, T. Song, V. Ozvenchuck, P. B. Gossiaux, K. Werner et al.
      Pages 151-165
    5. E. L. Bratkovskaya, O. Linnyk, W. Cassing
      Pages 167-179
    6. L. Bravina, B. H. Brusheim Johansson, J. Crkovská, G. Eyyubova, V. Korotkikh, I. Lokhtin et al.
      Pages 187-197
  4. QED—Strong Fields and High Precision

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 209-209
    2. Johann Rafelski, Johannes Kirsch, Berndt Müller, Joachim Reinhardt, Walter Greiner
      Pages 211-251
    3. T. Nousch, A. Otto, D. Seipt, B. Kämpfer, A. I. Titov, D. Blaschke et al.
      Pages 253-262
    4. Ulrik I. Uggerhøj, Tobias N. Wistisen
      Pages 263-270
    5. Ingvar Lindgren, Sten Salomonson, Johan Holmberg
      Pages 271-282
  5. Astrophysics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 283-283
    2. M. B. Algalán, P. O. Hess, W. Greiner
      Pages 285-296
    3. S. Schramm, V. Dexheimer, R. Mallick
      Pages 297-306
    4. Z. Z. Vilakazi, S. M. Wyngaardt, R. T. Newman, R. Lindsay, A. Buffler, R. de Meijer et al.
      Pages 307-313
  6. Special Topics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 315-315
    2. Magnus Dahl, Rolando A. Rodriguez, Anders A. Søndergaard, Timo Zeyer, Gorm B. Andresen, Martin “Walterson” Greiner
      Pages 333-356
    3. Mirko Schäfer, Sabrina Hempel, Jonas Hörsch, Bo Tranberg, Stefan Schramm, Martin Greiner
      Pages 357-373
    4. Thomas J. Bürvenich
      Pages 375-384
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 385-389

About this book

Introduction

This volume presents the state-of-the-art in selected topics across modern nuclear physics, covering fields of central importance to research and illustrating their connection to many different areas of physics.

It describes recent progress in the study of superheavy and exotic nuclei, which is pushing our knowledge to ever heavier elements and neutron-richer isotopes. Extending nuclear physics to systems that are many times denser than even the core of an atomic nucleus, one enters the realm of the physics of neutron stars and possibly quark stars, a topic that is intensively investigated with many ground-based and outer-space research missions as well as numerous theoretical works. By colliding two nuclei at very high ultra-relativistic energies one can create a fireball of extremely hot matter, reminiscent of the universe very shortly after the big bang, leading to a phase of melted hadrons and free quarks and gluons, the so-called quark-gluon plasma.

These studies tie up with effects of crucial importance in other fields. During the collision of heavy ions, electric fields of extreme strength are produced, potentially destabilizing the vacuum of the atomic physics system, subsequently leading to the decay of the vacuum state and the emission of positrons. In neutron stars the ultra-dense matter might support extremely high magnetic fields, far beyond anything that can be produced in the laboratory, significantly affecting the stellar properties.

At very high densities general relativity predicts the stellar collapse to a black hole. However, a number of current theoretical activities, modifying Einstein’s theory, point to possible alternative scenarios, where this collapse might be avoided.

These and related topics are addressed in this book in a series of highly readable chapters. In addition, the book includes fundamental analyses of the practicalities involved in transiting to an electricity supply mainly based on renewable energies, investigating this scenario less from an engineering and more from a physics point of view.

While the topics comprise a large scope of activities, the contributions also show an extensive overlap in the methodology and in the analytical and numerical tools involved in tackling these diverse research fields that are the forefront of modern science. 

Keywords

Superheavy Nuclei Physics Exotic Nuclei Physics Neutron rich Isotope Neutron Star Nuclear Physics Quark Star Nuclear Physics Neutron Star Astrophysics Relativistic Energy Nuclei Quark Gluon Plasma Ultra Dense Matter Complex Energy Supply Grid Analytical Numerical Tools Interdisciplinary

Editors and affiliations

  • Stefan Schramm
    • 1
  • Mirko Schäfer
    • 2
  1. 1.FIASGoethe University FIASFrankfurtGermany
  2. 2.Frankfurt Inst. for Advanced StudiesFIAS Frankfurt Inst. for Advanced StudiesFrankfurt am MainGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-44165-8
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-44164-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-44165-8
  • Buy this book on publisher's site