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Agricultural Proteomics Volume 2

Environmental Stresses

  • Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Jennylyn L. Trinidad, Herra L. Grajo, Jose B. Abucay Jr., Ajay Kohli
    Pages 19-51
  3. Mudassar Nawaz Khan, Setsuko Komatsu
    Pages 71-95
  4. Javad Gharechahi, Golandam Sharifi, Setsuko Komatsu, Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh
    Pages 97-127
  5. Mehdi Mirzaei, Yunqi Wu, Paul Worden, Ante Jerkovic, Brian J. Atwell
    Pages 129-153
  6. Andrew P. Scafaro, Owen K. Atkin
    Pages 155-175
  7. Mohammad-Zaman Nouri, Mohammad-Reza Ghaffari, Hamid Sobhanian, Mohammad-Reza Hajirezaei
    Pages 177-201
  8. Sheldon Lawrence II, Jennifer Parker, Sixue Chen
    Pages 203-225
  9. Kanika Narula, Pooja R. Aggarwal, Niranjan Chakraborty, Subhra Chakraborty
    Pages 227-249
  10. Mehdi Dastranj, Javad Gharechahi, Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh
    Pages 267-287
  11. Yue Hao, Jianke Li
    Pages 289-298
  12. Ehsan Oskoueian, Peter David Eckersall, Elena Bencurova, Thomas Dandekar
    Pages 299-310
  13. Back Matter
    Pages 311-314

About this book

Introduction

This book will cover several topics to elaborate how proteomics may contribute in our understanding of mechanisms involved in stress adaptation. The knowledge being accumulated by a wide range of proteomics technologies may eventually be utilized in breeding programs to enhance stress tolerance. This book presents comprehensive reviews about responses of crop and farm animals to environmental stresses. Challenges related to stress phenotyping and integration of proteomics and other omics data have also been addressed.
According to FAO’s estimate, the number of people suffering from chronic hunger has increased to over a billion. Due to most of the extreme poor who suffers from hunger live in rural areas, the effort to enhance agricultural productivity will be a key element in reducing the number of global population suffering from hunger. This goal will not be achieved unless we develop new genotypes of food crops and animals that will both improve production under sub-optimal conditions. The discovery of genotypes with the capacity to cope with these problems suggests that increasing the support of breeding for fragile environments is a viable strategy for uplifting the rural poor. However, breeding for environmental stresses, is a slow and inefficient process. Also several genotypes with good stress tolerance environmental stresses have been identified or developed, it is difficult to transfer these traits into elite backgrounds because they are genetically very complex. One possibility currently being evaluated for enhancement of stress tolerance is to apply biomarkers in breeding programs to follow the inheritance of major genes that are difficult to phenotype, such as pyramids of disease resistance genes of similar effect. Proteomics is a powerful approach to identify proteins associated with stress tolerance. It offers an entry point for identifying possible significant changes in protein levels against a background of unresponsive proteins.
The application of proteomics is usually initiated by detection of stress responsive proteins thought comparison between stressed and control organisms. Identification of these expressional candidate proteins may then reveal that some of them have functions clearly consistent with the stress tolerance trait. Other relevant information including the expression pattern at mRNA and metabolomics may help to further verify the correlation of these candidate proteins with desirable traits. The step forward from collecting proteomics data to functional prediction will pave the way for the sustainable agricultural production under unfavorable environmental conditions.

Keywords

Agricultural Proteomics Animal Crops Environmental Stresses Food Proteomics Horticultural Plants Insects Mass spectrometry Abiotic stresses Biotic stresses Diseases

Editors and affiliations

  • Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh
    • 1
  1. 1.Systems BiologyAgr. Biotech. Res. Institute of IranKarajIran

Bibliographic information