Challenging Islamic Orthodoxy

Accounts of Lia Eden and Other Prophets in Indonesia

  • Al Makin

Part of the Popular Culture, Religion and Society. A Social-Scientific Approach book series (POPCULT, volume 1)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxvii
  2. Al Makin
    Pages 1-23
  3. Al Makin
    Pages 25-45
  4. Al Makin
    Pages 123-144
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 145-244

About this book


This book is the first work that comprehensively presents the accounts of Lia Eden, a former flower arranger who claims to have received divine messages from the Archangel Gabriel and founded the divine Eden Kingdom in her house in Jakarta. This book places Lia Eden’s prophetic trajectory in the context of diverse Indonesian spiritual and religious traditions, by which hundreds of others also claimed to have been commanded by God to lead people and to establish religious groups. This book offers a fresh approach towards the rich Indonesian religious and spiritual traditions with particular attention to the accounts of the emergence of indigenous prophets who founded some popular religions. It presents the history of prophetic tradition which remains alive in Indonesian society from the colonial to reform period. It also explores the ways in which these prophets rebelled against two hegemonies: colonial power in the past and Islamic orthodoxy in the present. The discussion of this book focuses on Lia Eden including her biography, claims to prophethood and divinity, the development of her group Eden Kingdom, her challenge to Islamic orthodoxy  under the banner of the MUI (Indonesian Ulama Council), her persecution by radical groups, her experiences in court trials and imprisonment, and public responses to her emergence. The discussion also covers other themes currently drawing public attention in Indonesia, such as pluralism, religious freedom, tolerance, discrimination against minorities, and secularisation.


Apostasy, Blasphemy and Heresy Eden Kingdom Islam and State Islamic Orthodoxy Islamic Scholars’ Authority and Politics Lia Eden, Lia Aminuddin, Salamullah Millennialism, Messianism and Mahdism Persecution and Prosecution of Minority Group Pluralism and Religious Freedom Popular Religion and New Religious Movement Prophethood and Divinity Religion and Media Religion and Politics in the Reform Era of Indonesia Religion in Colonial to Post-colonial Indonesia Tolerance and Discrimination

Authors and affiliations

  • Al Makin
    • 1
  1. 1.Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic UniversityYogyakartaIndonesia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Social Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-38976-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-38978-3
  • Series Print ISSN 2509-3223
  • Series Online ISSN 2509-3231
  • Buy this book on publisher's site