The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis

Reasoning about Uncertainty

  • Sven Ove Hansson
  • Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn
Part of the Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning book series (LARI, volume 10)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Introductory

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Sven Ove Hansson, Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn
      Pages 3-9
    3. Sven Ove Hansson, Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn
      Pages 11-35
  3. Methods

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 37-37
    2. Georg Brun, Gregor Betz
      Pages 39-77
    3. Sven Ove Hansson
      Pages 79-104
    4. Niklas Möller
      Pages 105-133
    5. Karin Edvardsson Björnberg
      Pages 171-188
    6. Till Grüne-Yanoff
      Pages 189-215
    7. Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn
      Pages 217-242
  4. Case Studies

  5. Back Matter
    Pages 345-353

About this book

Introduction

​This book describes argumentative tools and strategies that can be used to guide policy decisions under conditions of great uncertainty. Contributing authors explore methods from philosophical analysis and in particular argumentation analysis, showing how it can be used to systematize discussions about policy issues involving great uncertainty.

The first part of the work explores how to deal in a systematic way with decision-making when there may be plural perspectives on the decision problem, along with unknown consequences of what we do. Readers will see how argumentation tools can be used for prioritizing among uncertain dangers, for determining how decisions should be framed, for choosing a suitable time frame for a decision, and for systematically choosing among different decision options. Case studies are presented in the second part of the book, showing argumentation in practice in the areas of climate geoengineering, water governance, synthetic biology, nuclear waste, and financial markets. In one example, argumentation analysis is applied to proposals to solve the climate problem with various technological manipulations of the natural climate system, such as massive dispersion of reflective aerosols into the stratosphere. Even after a thorough investigation of such a proposal, doubt remains as to whether all the potential risks have been identified. In such discussions, conventional risk analysis does not have much to contribute since it presupposes that the risks have been identified, whereas the argumentative approach to uncertainty management can be used to systematize discussions.

Keywords

Argumentation Argumentative methods for decision support Deep uncertainty Expected utility Fallacy Framing Great uncertainty Goal setting and goal revision Risk Uncertainty Rationality of decisions Value uncertainty Policy analysis

Editors and affiliations

  • Sven Ove Hansson
    • 1
  • Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Philosophy and HistoryRoyal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Systems ScieSwiss Federal Institute of TechnologyZurichSwitzerland

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-30549-3
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Religion and Philosophy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-30547-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-30549-3
  • Series Print ISSN 2214-9120
  • Series Online ISSN 2214-9139
  • About this book