© 2016

A First Example of a Lyotropic Smectic C* Analog Phase

Design, Properties and Chirality Effects

  • outstanding PhD thesis by the University of Stuttgart

  • comprehensive study of the novel lyotropic SmC* phase

  • Presents a detailed investigation of solvent effects on the phase behaviour of a lyotropic liquid crystal of Stuttgart


Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Johanna Ricarda Bruckner
    Pages 1-10
  3. Johanna Ricarda Bruckner
    Pages 11-12
  4. Johanna Ricarda Bruckner
    Pages 13-28
  5. Johanna Ricarda Bruckner
    Pages 29-47
  6. Johanna Ricarda Bruckner
    Pages 49-104
  7. Johanna Ricarda Bruckner
    Pages 105-107
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 109-115

About this book


In this thesis Johanna Bruckner reports the discovery of the lyotropic counterpart of the thermotropic SmC* phase, which has become famous as the only spontaneously polarized, ferroelectric fluid in nature. By means of polarizing optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction and electro-optic experiments she firmly establishes aspects of the structure of the novel lyotropic liquid crystalline phase and elucidates its fascinating properties, among them a pronounced polar electro-optic effect, analogous to the ferroelectric switching of its thermotropic counterpart. The helical ground state of the mesophase raises the fundamental question of how chiral interactions are "communicated" across layers of more or less disordered and achiral solvent molecules which are located between adjacent bi-layers of the chiral amphiphile molecules. This thesis bridges an important gap between thermotropic and lyotropic liquid crystals and pioneers a new field of liquid crystal research.


Lyotropic liquid crystals Solvent effects Phase diagrams Chirality and helical structures Ferroelectricity and polar electro-optic switching Hydrogen bond network

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.lnstitut für Physikalische ChemieUniversität StuttgartStuttgartGermany

About the authors

Johanna R. Bruckner studied chemistry at the University of Stuttgart and received her diploma in 2010. For her PhD she then started working at the Institute of Physical Chemistry in the group of Prof. Dr. F. Gießelmann investigating amphoteric liquid crystals at the borderline between lyotropic and thermotropic mesophases. Afterwards she continued working as a post-doctoral researcher in the Physics and Material Science Unit at the University of Luxembourg. There, in the experimental soft matter physics group of Prof. Dr. J. Lagerwall, she focuses on solvent effects in suspensions of cellulose nanocrystals.

Bibliographic information