About this book
This thesis addresses karst development in a terrain characterized by a highly complex geological and geomorphological evolution. It tackles the extent and complexity of both epigenic and hypogenic karst development, based on morphological analyses of caves, combined with analyses and datations of cave sediments and their correlation to regional geological and geomorphological evolution.
Hypogenic karst registered is mainly the result of hydrothermal speleogenesis due to increased geothermal gradient in connection with nearby Pliocene-Pleistocene volcanic centers, with occurrence of sulfuric acid speleogenesis and ghost-rock weathering due to local geological or lithological control. Epigenic speleogenesis is strongly controlled by base level oscillations, with also examples of deep phreatic (now fossil) caves connected to regional base level rise, and per-ascensum speleogenesis.
Another important finding is the constraining of the timing of Mariovo Lake draining in the Pleistocene, an important event in order to understand the geomorphological evolution in Macedonia, as it led to the onset of fluvial development and incision of valleys, shaping most of the present morphology.
- Book Title Evolution of Karst in the Lower Part of Crna Reka River Basin
- Series Title Springer Theses
- Series Abbreviated Title Springer Theses
- DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24547-8
- Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
- Publisher Name Springer, Cham
- eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science Earth and Environmental Science (R0)
- Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-24545-4
- Softcover ISBN 978-3-319-37409-3
- eBook ISBN 978-3-319-24547-8
- Series ISSN 2190-5053
- Series E-ISSN 2190-5061
- Edition Number 1
- Number of Pages XIII, 265
- Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
Earth Sciences, general
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