Decentralization and Governance in Indonesia

  • Ronald L. Holzhacker
  • Rafael Wittek
  • Johan Woltjer

Part of the Development and Governance book series (DG, volume 2)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Theoretical Reflections on Decentralization and Governance for Sustainable Society

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Ronald L. Holzhacker, Rafael Wittek, Johan Woltjer
      Pages 3-29
  3. Decentralization and Policy Making

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 51-51
    2. Suwatin Miharti, Ronald L. Holzhacker, Rafael Wittek
      Pages 53-78
    3. Tatang Muttaqin, Marijtje van Duijn, Liesbet Heyse, Rafael Wittek
      Pages 79-103
    4. K. Kuswanto, Herman W. Hoen, Ronald L. Holzhacker
      Pages 105-143
    5. Pande Nyoman Laksmi Kusumawati, J. Paul Elhorst, Jakob de Haan
      Pages 145-168
  4. Challenges of Decentralization for Cities to Create Sustainable Futures

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 169-169
    2. Taufiq Hidayat Putra, Johan Woltjer, Wendy Guan Zhen Tan
      Pages 171-200
  5. Governance to Limit Opportunities for Corruption in a Decentralized Environment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 231-231
    2. Mala Sondang Silitonga, Gabriel Anthonio, Liesbet Heyse, Rafael Wittek
      Pages 233-258
    3. Nureni Wijayati, Niels Hermes, Ronald Holzhacker
      Pages 259-292
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 293-298

About this book


Indonesia over the past two decades has embarked on decentralization as part of a broader process of democratization across the archipelago. The purpose of this book is to explore the connections between governance and sustainable society in a wide variety of policy fields, and how reforming governance structures may contribute to societal benefits and the creation of a long-term sustainable society in Indonesia.

This book bridges important theoretical debates related to governance and sustainable society and provides empirical research from Indonesia in important policy areas related to this debate. By placing research in various policy areas in a single volume, the link to the broader concepts of governance, decentralization, and societal outcomes is strengthened. The book builds on the recent interest that has focused on Indonesia and the continued development of democracy in the country. The

chapters in the book show a rich variety of decentralized governance arrangements and capacity building at the local level in particular. Central standards (for example for social sustainability, anti-corruption arrangements, and for dealing with direct foreign investment), combined with local innovation (for example for municipal coordination of primary health care or metropolitan transport), are key to Indonesia as a country in a continuing process of transformation.

We identify three key trends in the on-going process of decentralization and governance in Indonesia. First, we find that formal governance, the relation between the national and local government, is characterized by a system of ‘variable geometry multi-level governance’ depending on the policy area. The challenge ahead is strengthening accountability mechanisms to assure national standards while preserving and encouraging local innovation. Secondly, informal governance mechanisms are evolving to move from ‘hierarchical to network’ forms of governance. Here the challenge is to insure democratic input by citizens and civil society organizations. Finally,

we identify a trend toward ‘shared value creation and sustainable cooperation.’  Indonesia is beginning to move from a rather singular policy focus on economic growth to a more complex and developing notion of policymaking for inclusive growth and the creation of a sustainable society for present and future generations. Here the challenge is sound implementation and an increase in the effectiveness of governance mechanisms.


Indonesia decentralization democracy good governance reformasi sustainable society

Editors and affiliations

  • Ronald L. Holzhacker
    • 1
  • Rafael Wittek
    • 2
  • Johan Woltjer
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Arts, Department of International Relations and International OrganizationUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Faculty of Behavioural and Social Science, Department of SociologyUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Department of Planning and TransportUniversity of WestminsterLondonUnited Kingdom

Bibliographic information