Supervisor Localization

A Top-Down Approach to Distributed Control of Discrete-Event Systems

  • Kai Cai
  • W. Murray Wonham

Part of the Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences book series (LNCIS, volume 459)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Kai Cai, W. Murray Wonham
    Pages 1-11
  3. Kai Cai, W. Murray Wonham
    Pages 13-38
  4. Kai Cai, W. Murray Wonham
    Pages 39-71
  5. Kai Cai, W. Murray Wonham
    Pages 73-101
  6. Kai Cai, W. Murray Wonham
    Pages 103-126
  7. Kai Cai, W. Murray Wonham
    Pages 127-151
  8. Kai Cai, W. Murray Wonham
    Pages 153-173
  9. Kai Cai, W. Murray Wonham
    Pages 175-177
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 179-199

About this book


This monograph presents a systematic top-down approach to distributed control synthesis of discrete-event systems (DES). The approach is called supervisor localization; its essence is the allocation of external supervisory control action to individual component agents as their internal control strategies. The procedure is: first synthesize a monolithic supervisor, to achieve globally optimal and nonblocking controlled behavior, then decompose the monolithic supervisor into local controllers, one for each agent. The collective behavior of the resulting local controllers is identical to that achieved by the monolithic supervisor.

The basic localization theory is first presented in the Ramadge–Wonham language-based supervisory control framework, then demonstrated with distributed control examples of multi-robot formations, manufacturing systems, and distributed algorithms. An architectural approach is adopted to apply localization to large-scale DES; this yields a heterarchical localization procedure, which is also demonstrated with benchmark examples. Moreover, a state-based framework, state-tree structures, is exploited for efficient computation of localization. Finally localization is extended to timed DES, which addresses distributed control synthesis with temporal specifications. The authors’ TCT software and sourcecode will help the reader to reproduce the results demonstrated in the examples.

Academic researchers and graduate students interested in discrete-event and distributed systems and control will find this book an instructive resource. It will also be useful for researchers in manufacturing, supply-chain and logistics and practitioners in related industries.


Automata in Control Communication Networks Control Architecture Discrete-event Systems Distributed Control Multi-agent Systems Regular Languages Supervisor Location Supervisory Control Theory Timed Discrete-event Systems

Authors and affiliations

  • Kai Cai
    • 1
  • W. Murray Wonham
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Information EngineeringOsaka City UniversityOsakaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Engineering Engineering (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-20495-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-20496-3
  • Series Print ISSN 0170-8643
  • Series Online ISSN 1610-7411
  • Buy this book on publisher's site