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Bones

Orthopaedic Pathologies in Roman Imperial Age

  • Andrea Piccioli
  • Valentina Gazzaniga
  • Paola Catalano

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Materials and Methods

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Carla Caldarini, Paola Catalano, Valentina Gazzaniga, Silvia Marinozzi, Federica Zavaroni
      Pages 3-38
    3. Carla Caldarini, Paola Catalano, Andrea Piccioli, Maria Silvia Spinelli, Federica Zavaroni
      Pages 39-47
  3. Clinical Cases

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 49-49
    2. Carla Caldarini, Paola Catalano, Andrea Piccioli, Maria Silvia Spinelli, Federica Zavaroni
      Pages 51-82
    3. Carla Caldarini, Paola Catalano, Andrea Piccioli, Maria Silvia Spinelli, Federica Zavaroni
      Pages 83-101
    4. Carla Caldarini, Paola Catalano, Andrea Piccioli, Maria Silvia Spinelli, Federica Zavaroni
      Pages 103-127
    5. Carla Caldarini, Paola Catalano, Andrea Piccioli, Maria Silvia Spinelli, Federica Zavaroni
      Pages 129-154

About this book

Introduction

This book presents the results of a unique macroscopic and radiological analysis, by X-ray and CT scan, of the bone pathologies of about 1800 subjects who lived at the time of the Roman Empire (first and second centuries A.D.) and whose remains were recovered during the excavation of a suburban necropolis of Rome. The survey, which represents a collaboration between the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology and the Special Superintendent for the Archaeological Heritage of Rome, has yielded incredible images of different orthopaedic diseases in a period when no surgical treatment was available: there are cases of infection (osteomyelitis), metabolic disease (gout), hematologic disease (multiple myeloma), traumatic lesions and their complications, and degenerative pathology (osteoarthritis, particularly secondary and overload). A multidisciplinary team including orthopaedists, paleopathologists, radiologists, and medical historians has evaluated the major groups of bone disease in the population finding out incredible cases and picture of ortho-traumatologic pathologies in a pre-surgical era. The homogeneity of the sample and the number of subjects make this a study of fundamental importance.

 

Keywords

Bone pathologies Medical history Metabolic disease Orthopedic oncology Paleopathology

Authors and affiliations

  • Andrea Piccioli
    • 1
  • Valentina Gazzaniga
    • 2
  • Paola Catalano
    • 3
  1. 1.Oncologic Center “Palazzo Baleani” Azienda Policlinico “Umberto I”RomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Sciences and Medico Surgical BiotechnologiesHistory of Medicine Unit, Sapienza-Università di RomaRomeItaly
  3. 3.Anthropological Service, Soprintendenza Speciale per il Colosseo, il Museo Nazionale Romano e l’Area Archeologica di RomaRomeItaly

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-19485-1
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Medicine
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-19484-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-19485-1
  • Buy this book on publisher's site