Consumption-Based Approaches in International Climate Policy

  • Christian┬áLininger

Part of the Springer Climate book series (SPCL)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Christian Lininger
    Pages 1-14
  3. The Economic, Political, and Legal Background

  4. Theoretical Analysis

  5. Implementing Consumption-Based Policy Approaches

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 203-203
    2. Christian Lininger
      Pages 243-249

About this book


This book analyses the potentials and consequences of a change from production-based to consumption-based approaches in international climate policy. With the help of an analytical model, the author investigates the effects of different policy variants on environmental effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, carbon leakage, competitiveness and the global distribution of income. The economic, legal, and political background and the often contradictory findings on consumption-based approaches are reviewed in great detail. In the final chapters, options for practical policy design are developed. The book concludes that a switch to consumption orientation is not a policy tool whereby industrialized countries can unilaterally improve climate policy effectiveness, but should rather be seen as a possible intermediate step on the way to a fully multilateral mitigation strategy.


Border Carbon Adjustments Carbon Leakage Consumption-Based Climate Policy Cost-Effectiveness Emissions Embodied in Trade Trade Policy

Authors and affiliations

  • Christian┬áLininger
    • 1
  1. 1.Wegener Center for Climate and Global Change, University of Graz, GrazAustrian Broadcasting Corporation (ORF)ViennaAustria

Bibliographic information