© 2014

Natural and Artificial Reasoning

An Exploration of Modelling Human Thinking


Part of the Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing book series (AI&KP)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Tom Addis
    Pages 1-11
  3. Tom Addis
    Pages 13-25
  4. Tom Addis
    Pages 27-41
  5. Tom Addis
    Pages 43-59
  6. Tom Addis
    Pages 61-71
  7. Tom Addis
    Pages 73-90
  8. Tom Addis
    Pages 91-106
  9. Tom Addis
    Pages 107-117
  10. Tom Addis
    Pages 119-128
  11. Tom Addis
    Pages 129-140
  12. Tom Addis
    Pages 141-151
  13. Tom Addis
    Pages 153-164
  14. Tom Addis
    Pages 165-182
  15. Tom Addis
    Pages 183-199

About this book


What are the limitations of computer models and why do we still not have working models of people that are recognizably human?  This is the principle puzzle explored in this book where ideas behind systems that behave intelligently are described and different philosophical issues are touched upon.  The key to human behaviour is taken to be intelligence and the ability to reason about the world

To approach this scientifically, it is necessary to understand what a scientific approach could mean in the context of both natural and artificial systems.  A theory of intelligence is proposed that can be tested and developed in the light of experimental results.  The author illustrates that intelligence is much more than just behaviour confined to a unique person or a single computer program within a fixed time frame.  Some answers are unravelled and some puzzles emerge from these investigations and experiments. 

Natural and Artificial Reasoning describes a few steps on an exciting journey that began many centuries ago with the word ‘why?’


Artificial Reasoning Computer Models Human Behavior Intelligent Systems Theory of Intelligence

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.University of Portsmouth School of ComputingPortsmouthUnited Kingdom

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Natural and Artificial Reasoning
  • Book Subtitle An Exploration of Modelling Human Thinking
  • Authors Tom Addis
  • Series Title Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing
  • Series Abbreviated Title Adv. Informat. Knowledge Processing (formerly: KIM-Knowled. Inform. Manag.)
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Computer Science Computer Science (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-11285-5
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-319-38493-1
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-11286-2
  • Series ISSN 1610-3947
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XII, 199
  • Number of Illustrations 59 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Artificial Intelligence
    Models and Principles
    Cognitive Psychology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site


“Tom Addis has written a remarkable book in computing that implements the ideas of the philosophers Charles Sanders Peirce and Ludwig Wittgenstein. … This is an outstanding book for investigators in artificial and machine intelligence, simulationists and modelers, as well as experimental psychologists and teachers who have to deal with the development of scientific belief systems in their students.” (Anthony J. Duben, Computing Reviews, April, 2015)