Photorefractive Optoelectronic Tweezers and Their Applications

  • Michael Esseling

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Michael Esseling
    Pages 7-14
  3. Michael Esseling
    Pages 105-109
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 111-125

About this book


In the never-ending quest for miniaturization, optically controlled particle trapping has opened up new possibilities for handling microscopic matter non-invasively. This thesis presents the application of photorefractive crystals as active substrate materials for optoelectronic tweezers. In these tweezers, flexible optical patterns are transformed into electrical forces by a photoconductive material, making it possible to handle matter with very high forces and high throughput. Potential substrate materials’ properties are investigated and ways to tune their figures-of-merit are demonstrated. A large part of the thesis is devoted to potential applications in the field of optofluidics, where photorefractive optoelectronic tweezers are used to trap, sort and guide droplets or particles in microfluidic channels, or to shape liquid polymers into optical elements prior to their solidification. Furthermore, a new surface discharge model is employed to discuss the experimental conditions needed for photorefractive optoelectronic tweezers.


Digital Holography Lithium Niobate Applications Micro-particle Trapping Noninvasive Handling of Micro-particles Optofluidics and Microfluidics Photorefactive Optoelectronic Tweezers Photorefractive Crystals

Authors and affiliations

  • Michael Esseling
    • 1
  1. 1.Inst. of Applied PhysicsUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany

Bibliographic information