Radionuclide Contamination and Remediation Through Plants

  • Dharmendra Kumar Gupta
  • Clemens Walther

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Bhagawatilal Jagetiya, Anubha Sharma, Akash Soni, Umesh Kumar Khatik
    Pages 1-31
  3. Nan Hu, Dexin Ding, Guangyue Li
    Pages 33-53
  4. Manuela Murariu, Gabi Drochioiu, Alexandru Cecal, Karin Popa
    Pages 91-105
  5. J. Guillén, A. Baeza, A. Salas, J. G. Muñoz-Muñoz, A. Muñoz-Serrano
    Pages 107-123
  6. G. H. Ben-Bolie, P. Ele Abiama, P. Owono Ateba
    Pages 139-160
  7. Jörg Schaller, Mohammad Nassour, Carsten Brackhage
    Pages 161-176
  8. S. Mehdi Borghei, Reza Arjmandi, Roxana Moogouei
    Pages 177-195
  9. G. Geipel, K. Viehweger
    Pages 197-213
  10. S. R. Joshi, Debajit Kalita, Rakshak Kumar, Macmillan Nongkhlaw, Pynskhem Bok Swer
    Pages 235-251
  11. Giorgi Kvesitadze, Gia Khatisashvili, Tinatin Sadunishvili
    Pages 253-276
  12. N. N. Kazachonok, I. Y. Popova
    Pages 297-314

About this book


This book focuses on the mechanistic (microscopic) understanding of radionuclide uptake by plants in contaminated soils and potential use of phytoremediation. The key features concern radionuclide toxicity in plants, how the radioactive materials are absorbed by plants, and how the plants cope with the toxic responses. The respective chapters examine soil classification, natural plant selection, speciation of actinides, kinetic modeling, and case studies on cesium uptake after radiation accidents.

Radionuclide contaminants pose serious problems for biological systems, due to their chemical toxicity and radiological effects. The processes by which radionuclides can be incorporated into vegetation can either originate from activity interception by external plant surfaces (either directly from the atmosphere or from resuspended material), or through uptake of radionuclides via the root system. Subsequent transfer of toxic elements to the human food chain is a concrete danger. Therefore, the molecular mechanisms and genetic basis of transport into and within plants needs to be understood for two reasons: The effectiveness of radionuclide uptake into crop plants – so-called transfer coefficient – is a prerequisite for the calculation of dose due to the food path. On the other hand, efficient radionuclide transfer into plants can be made use of for decontamination of land – so-called phytoremediation, the direct use of living, green plants for in situ removal of pollutants from the environment or to reduce their concentrations to harmless levels.


bioremediation phytoremediation radioactive site remediation radioactive waste radioecology

Editors and affiliations

  • Dharmendra Kumar Gupta
    • 1
  • Clemens Walther
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Radioökologie und Strahlenschutz (IRS),Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität HannoverHannoverGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Radioökologie und Strahlenschutz (IRS),Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität HannoverHannoverGermany

Bibliographic information