Wood Characteristics

Description, Causes, Prevention, Impact on Use and Technological Adaptation

  • Christoph Richter

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Wood, a Truly Remarkable Material

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Christoph Richter
      Pages 3-5
    3. Christoph Richter
      Pages 7-9
  3. Wood Characteristics Overview

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 27-27
    2. Christoph Richter
      Pages 29-32
  4. Description of the Wood Characteristics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 33-33
    2. Christoph Richter
      Pages 125-174
    3. Christoph Richter
      Pages 175-198
    4. Christoph Richter
      Pages 199-208
  5. Christoph Richter
    Pages E1-E1
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 209-222

About this book


This book offers a broad range of options for technically adapting, handling and processing wood with specific wood characteristics.  It starts by discussing wood anatomy and the general factors leading to the formation of wood characteristics. The individual characteristics are then categorized into four groups:

·        Wood characteristics inherent in a tree’s natural growth

·        Biotically-induced wood characteristics

·        Abiotically-induced wood characteristics

·        Types and causes of cracks

New to this English edition is a comparison of wood characteristics found in trees from the boreal, temperate and tropical climate zones. The results show a clear relationship between the effects of sunshine duration, the vertical and horizontal angle of radiation, and crown coverage and the way wood characteristics form.

The book addresses all those who work with wood professionally: foresters, gardeners and arborists who want to be able to observe a living tree and identify its internal features and the causes of its prominent wood characteristics. Based on the findings described in this book they can determine how to avoid certain undesirable characteristics, or alternatively how to promote favorable ones as the tree and stand grow. Botanists and dendrologists will learn how wood characteristics arise, and how they affect living trees and wood products. The needs of wood technologists seeking to prevent adverse wood characteristics from influencing wood processing, or to enhance favorable wood characteristics, are also addressed.


crack forms tree anatomy tree rings wood fiber wood formation wood processing

Authors and affiliations

  • Christoph Richter
    • 1
  1. 1.Opitzer Weg 20, D-01737 TharandtGermany

Bibliographic information