Non-equilibrium Energy Transformation Processes

Theoretical Description at the Level of Molecular Structures

  • Viktor┬áHolubec
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Viktor Holubec
    Pages 1-15
  3. Viktor Holubec
    Pages 17-46
  4. Viktor Holubec
    Pages 47-78
  5. Viktor Holubec
    Pages 79-89
  6. Viktor Holubec
    Pages 91-126
  7. Viktor Holubec
    Pages 127-128
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 129-152

About this book

Introduction

Various experimental techniques have been advanced in recent years to measure non-equilibrium energy transformations on the microscopic scale of single molecules. In general, the systems studied in the corresponding experiments are exposed to strong thermal fluctuations and thus the relevant energetic variables such as work and heat become stochastic.
This thesis addresses challenging theoretical problems in this active field of current research: 1) Exact analytical solutions of work and heat distributions for isothermal non-equilibrium processes in suitable models are obtained; 2) Corresponding solutions for cyclic processes involving two different heat reservoirs are found; 3) Optimization of periodic driving protocols for such cyclic processes with respect to maximal output power, efficiency, and minimal power fluctuations is studied.
The exact solutions for work and heat distributions provide a reference for theoretical investigations of more complicated models, giving insight into the structure of the tail of work distributions and serving as valuable test cases for simulations of the underlying stochastic processes.

Keywords

Efficiency at Maximum Power Exact Solutions for Work and Heat Non-equilibrium Statistical Mechanics Outstanding PhD Thesis Single Molecule Level Thermodynamics Stochastic Heat Engines Stochastic Thermodynamics Work Probability Density

Authors and affiliations

  • Viktor┬áHolubec
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Mathematics and PhysicsCharles University in PraguePragueCzech Republic

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-07091-9
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-07090-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-07091-9
  • Series Print ISSN 2190-5053
  • Series Online ISSN 2190-5061
  • About this book