Insight into Influenza Viruses of Animals and Humans

  • Sanjay Kapoor
  • Kuldeep Dhama

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Sanjay Kapoor, Kuldeep Dhama
    Pages 1-6
  3. Sanjay Kapoor, Kuldeep Dhama
    Pages 7-13
  4. Sanjay Kapoor, Kuldeep Dhama
    Pages 15-30
  5. Sanjay Kapoor, Kuldeep Dhama
    Pages 31-64
  6. Sanjay Kapoor, Kuldeep Dhama
    Pages 65-86
  7. Sanjay Kapoor, Kuldeep Dhama
    Pages 87-101
  8. Sanjay Kapoor, Kuldeep Dhama
    Pages 103-114
  9. Sanjay Kapoor, Kuldeep Dhama
    Pages 115-131
  10. Sanjay Kapoor, Kuldeep Dhama
    Pages 151-162
  11. Sanjay Kapoor, Kuldeep Dhama
    Pages 163-216
  12. Sanjay Kapoor, Kuldeep Dhama
    Pages 217-222

About this book


This book provides salient information on all aspects of influenza/flu viruses affecting animals and humans. It specifically reviews the properties and replication of influenza viruses; their evolution and emergence; epidemiology; role of migratory birds in disease transmission; clinical signs in humans, animals, and poultry; pathogenesis and pathogenicity; public health importance and potential threats; diagnosis; prevention and control measures; and pandemic preparedness.

Influenza/flu viruses evolve continuously and jump species causing epidemics as well as pandemics in both human and animals. During the past 150 years, various strains of influenza virus like the Spanish flu, Asian flu, Hong Kong flu, bird flu, and swine flu were responsible for high mortality in humans as well as birds. High mutation rates, antigenic shifts, drifts, reassortment phenomena, and the development of antiviral drug resistance all contribute to ineffective chemotherapy and vaccines against influenza viruses. Due to their devastating nature, high zoonotic implications, and high mortality in humans and poultry, they have a severe impact on the socioeconomic status of countries. Disease awareness, rapid and accurate diagnosis, surveillance, strict biosecurity, timely adoption of appropriate preventive and control measures, and pandemic preparedness are crucial to help in decreasing virus transmission, thus reducing clinical cases, deaths, and pandemic threats.


Pandemia avain, human and swine influenza bird flu influenza viruses pathogenicity and pathogenesis of influenza viruses prevention & control of influenza viruses

Authors and affiliations

  • Sanjay Kapoor
    • 1
  • Kuldeep Dhama
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary MicrobiologyLLR University of Veterinary and Animal SciencesHisarIndia
  2. 2.Division of PathologyIndian Veterinary Research InstituteIzatnagarIndia

Bibliographic information