Securing Water and Wastewater Systems

Global Experiences

  • Robert M. Clark
  • Simon Hakim

Part of the Protecting Critical Infrastructure book series (PCIN, volume 2)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Robert M. Clark, Simon Hakim
    Pages 1-27
  3. Robert Janke, Michael E. Tryby, Robert M. Clark
    Pages 29-85
  4. Hailiang Shen, Edward McBean, Yi Wang
    Pages 123-133
  5. William B. Samuels, Rakesh Bahadur, Christopher Ziemniak
    Pages 135-148
  6. R. H. S. Beuken, H. de Kater, J. H. G. Vreeburg
    Pages 149-159
  7. He Chen, Robert B. Wenger
    Pages 213-232
  8. Anatolijs Zabašta, Tālis Juhna, Kristina Tihomirova, Jānis Rubulis, Leonīds Ribickis
    Pages 315-342
  9. M. Möderl, W. Rauch, S. Achleitner, A. Lukas, E. Mayr, R. Neunteufel et al.
    Pages 343-373
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 375-398

About this book


Urban water and wastewater systems have an inherent vulnerability to both manmade and natural threats and disasters including droughts, earthquakes and terrorist attacks.  It is well established that natural disasters including major storms, such as hurricanes and flooding, can effect water supply security and integrity. Earthquakes and terrorist attacks have many characteristics in common because they are almost impossible to predict and can cause major devastation and confusion. Terrorism is also a major threat to water security and recent attention has turned to the potential that these attacks have for disrupting urban water supplies. There is a need to introduce the related concept of Integrated Water Resources Management which emphasizes linkages between land-use change and hydrological systems, between ecosystems and human health, and between political and scientific aspects of water management. An expanded water security agenda should include a conceptual focus on vulnerability, risk, and resilience; an emphasis on threats, shocks, and tipping points; and a related emphasis on adaptive management given limited predictability. Internationally, concerns about water have often taken a different focus and there is also a growing awareness, including in the US, that water security should include issues related to quantity, climate change, and biodiversity impacts, in addition to terrorism. This presents contributions from a group of internationally recognized experts that attempt to address the four areas listed above and includes suggestions as to how to deal with related problems.  It also addresses the new and potentially growing issue of cyber attacks against water and waste water infrastructure including descriptions of actual attacks, making it of interest to scholars and policy-makers concerned with protecting the water supply.


Climate change Critical Infrastructure Scarcity Wastewater Infrastructure Water distribution networks Water security

Editors and affiliations

  • Robert M. Clark
    • 1
  • Simon Hakim
    • 2
  1. 1.Environmental Engineering and Public Heath ConsultantCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsTemple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

Bibliographic information