Effectiveness of Time Investments in Education

Insights from a review and meta-analysis

  • Jaap Scheerens

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Education book series (BRIEFSEDUCAT)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. Jaap Scheerens
    Pages 1-5
  3. Jaap Scheerens, Maria Hendriks
    Pages 7-29
  4. Jaap Scheerens, Hans Luyten, Cees Glas
    Pages 31-53
  5. Maria Hendriks, Hans Luyten, Jaap Scheerens, Peter Sleegers
    Pages 55-142

About this book


This book analyzes the productivity and effectiveness of a variety of time investments in education. It explores the methods used in education to optimize the time that students are exposed to learning content. Such methods include expanding official school time, optimizing “time on task”, providing homework assignments, and  creating learning opportunities beyond lesson hours. The book presents a review of earlier reviews and meta-analyses, secondary analyses of international data sets, and new meta-analyses concerning the effects of instruction time, homework and extended learning, beyond official school time. It explores the concept of time as a condition to enhance student achievement and discusses methodological issues in separating “genuine” time effects from related facets of educational quality. The book shows that the dependence of time effects on the quality of content choice and delivery raises critical questions for both researchers and policy planners. It further shows that sophisticated research designs are required to properly assess time effects, and that policy makers should be concerned about the bluntness of time as an instrument to enhance educational productivity.



"time on task" assocation between time and educational achievement comparative assessment studies effects of instruction time, homework and extended learning expanding official school time time investment in education

Editors and affiliations

  • Jaap Scheerens
    • 1
  1. 1.ManagementUniversity of Twente Dept. Educational Organization &EnschedeThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-00924-7
  • Copyright Information The Author(s) 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-00923-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-00924-7
  • Series Print ISSN 2211-1921
  • Series Online ISSN 2211-193X
  • About this book