Ultrathin Metal Transparent Electrodes for the Optoelectronics Industry

  • Dhriti Sundar Ghosh

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Dhriti Sundar Ghosh
    Pages 1-9
  3. Dhriti Sundar Ghosh
    Pages 43-50
  4. Dhriti Sundar Ghosh
    Pages 51-58
  5. Dhriti Sundar Ghosh
    Pages 59-67
  6. Dhriti Sundar Ghosh
    Pages 79-80
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 81-86

About this book


Transparent electrodes (TEs) are a class of materials that make it possible to bring electrical current or potentials in close proximity to optically active regions without significant loss of optical energy. However, it is a challenge to decouple the electrical and optical properties of a material, as the property of conductivity is strongly coupled to the imaginary part of the refractive index. An ideal TE has high transparency in combination with very low electrical resistivity. The main objective of the thesis was to develop TEs which can replace expensive, scarce and fragile Indium Tin Oxide (ITO), the most widely used TE material in the industry today.  The thesis contains original work on ultrathin metal film (UTMF)-based TEs, which are essential elements in a wide range of optoelectronics, consumer electronics and energy devices.  It presents new designs and fabrication methods and demonstrates the efficient use of UTMF-TEs in organic light emitting diodes and solar cells, achieving similar levels of efficiency to that of state-of-the-art ITO.


Alternatives for ITO TEs Electrode Performance Energy Devices OLEDs Optical Spectra of Alloy Films Organic Photovoltaics Replacing ITO Transpararant Electrodes Solar Cells Thin Film Electrodes Transparent Electrodes UTMF-TEs UTMF-based Transparant Electrodes Ultrathin Metal Films

Authors and affiliations

  • Dhriti Sundar Ghosh
    • 1
  1. 1., OptoelectronicsICFO- Institute of Photonic SciencesBarcelonaSpain

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013
  • Publisher Name Springer, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-00347-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-00348-1
  • Series Print ISSN 2190-5053
  • Series Online ISSN 2190-5061
  • Buy this book on publisher's site