Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXI
  2. Questionnaire

    1. Pages 1-7
  3. Conditio sine qua non in General

  4. Damage Caused by Omission

  5. Preventive Expenses Incurred Before the Damaging Event

  6. Damage Caused by Psychological Influence

  7. Damage Caused by Multiple Tortfeasors

  8. Damage Caused by Less Than All Possibly Harmful Events

  9. Damage Caused by Several Simultaneous, but Independent Events

  10. Damage Caused by Several Successive, but Independent Events

  11. Minimal Causation

    1. Pages 531-543
  12. Loss of a Chance

    1. Pages 545-592
  13. “Haftungsbegründende und haftungsausfüllende Kausalität”

  14. Back Matter
    Pages 613-632

About this book


This volume of the "Digest of European Tort Law" is the first product of a most ambitious research project: a collection of court decisions from almost all European jurisdictions on the most fundamental aspects of tort law. These cases are not only accumulated, but also structured, analysed and commented both from a national as well as a comparative perspective. Historical aspects are also considered, as are future trends, as outlined by current projects on the harmonisation of European tort laws. This complex comparative study shall thereby not only offer guidance for researching cross-border cases, but also allow a discussion of such harmonisation projects on the basis of real-life case settings.

This first volume covers one key aspect of tortious liability – natural causation. The conditio sine qua non rule is examined and tested throughout all jurisdictions, in particular with an eye on whether and to what extent courts are willing to deviate from the strict concept of this formula.


civil law comparative law court decisions international law tort law tortious liability

Bibliographic information