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Impact of Arbuscular Mycorrhizas on Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Ecosystems

  • S. Gianinazzi
  • H. Schüepp

Part of the ALS Advances in Life Sciences book series (ALS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. S. Rosendahl, J. C. Dodd, C. Walker
    Pages 1-12
  3. D. van Tuinen, H. Dulieu, A. Zézé, V. Gianinazzi-Pearson
    Pages 13-23
  4. A. Hahn, V. Gianinazzi-Pearson, B. Hock
    Pages 25-39
  5. M. Giovannetti, C. Sbrana, A. S. Citernesi, L. Avio, A. Gollotte, V. Gianinazzi-Pearson et al.
    Pages 61-72
  6. G. J. Bethlenfalvay, H. Schüepp
    Pages 117-131
  7. J. E. Hooker, M. Jaizme-Vega, D. Atkinson
    Pages 191-200

About this book

Introduction

This book, prepared by participants of the European network COST ACTION 810 (1989-93) is the outcome of a meeting held in Switzerland (Einsiedeln, September 29 to October 2, 1993) on the "Impact of arbuscular mycorrhizas on sustainable agriculture and natural ecosystems". COST(Cooperation Scientifique et Technique) Networks were created in 1971 by the Commission of European Communities, and later enlarged to include non-European Member States, to promote pre-competitive scientific and technical research in fields of common interest. During the eighties, COST ACTIONS were launched in bio­ technological fields, including the network on arbuscular mycorrhizas. Arbuscular mycorrhizas are a universally found symbiosis between plants and certain soil fungi and essential components of soil-plant systems. They act as a major inter­ face by influencing or regulating resource allocation between abiotic and biotic components of the soil-plant system. Arbuscular mycorrhizas are involved in many key ecosystem processes including nutrient cycling and conservation of soil struc­ ture, and have been shown to improve plant health through increased protection against abiotic and biotic stresses. Sustainability can be defined as the successful management of resources to satisfy changing human needs while maintaining or enhancing the quality of the environ­ ment and conserving resources. Increasing environmental degradation and instability, due to anthropogenic activities and in particular the increasing fragility of the soil resource, has led to an increased awareness of the need to develop practices resulting in more sustainable natural and agroecosystems.

Keywords

Fungi agriculture biodiversity biology development ecosystem microbiology morphology mycorrhiza plant plant development soil

Editors and affiliations

  • S. Gianinazzi
    • 1
  • H. Schüepp
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de PhytoparasitologieINRA/CNRS, SGAP, INRADijon CédexFrance
  2. 2.Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt für Obst-, Wein- und GartenanbauWädenswilSwitzerland

Bibliographic information