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Methods for Risk Assessment of Transgenic Plants

IV. Biodiversity and Biotechnology

  • Klaus Ammann
  • Yolande Jacot
  • Richard Braun

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XV
  2. Impact of agricultural biotechnology on ecosystems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Anatole F. Krattiger
      Pages 3-9
    3. John E. Beringer
      Pages 11-18
    4. Klaus Ammann, Yolande Jacot
      Pages 19-33
  3. Social, ethical and legal issues

  4. Impact of biotechnology on conservation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 101-101
    2. Alan Gray, Roger Daniels, Alan Raybould, Ian Cooper, Lindsay Maskell, Denise Pallett et al.
      Pages 103-108
    3. Hans C. M. den Nijs
      Pages 121-140
  5. Conclusions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 159-159
    2. Klaus Ammann
      Pages 161-167
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 169-177

About these proceedings

Introduction

For centuries, TK has been used almost exclusively by its creators, that is, indigenous and local communities. Access to, use of and handing down of TK has been regulated by local laws, customs and tmditions. Some TK has been freely accessible by all members of an indigenous or local community and has been freely exchanged with other communities; other TK has only been known to particular individuals within these communities such as shamans, and has been handed down only to particular individuals of thc next generation. Over many generations, indigenous and local communities have accumulated a great deal of TK which has generally been adapted, developed and improved by the generations that followed. For a long time, Western anthropologists and other scientists have generally been able to freely access TK and have documented it in their works. Still, this TK was only seldom used outside the indigenous and local communities that created it. More recently, however, Western scientists have become aware that TK is neither outdated nor valueless knowledge, but, instead, 1 can be useful to solve some of the problems facing today's world. Modem science, for example, has shown an increased interest in some fornls ofTK as knowledge that can be used in 4 research and development (R&D) activities and be integrated in modem innovations. This holds especially true for TK regarding genetic resources, which has been integrated in modem 6 phannaceuticals,s agro-chemicals and seed.

Keywords

Biodiversity biotechnology breeding conservation crops ecosystem plant breeding transgen

Editors and affiliations

  • Klaus Ammann
    • 1
  • Yolande Jacot
    • 1
  • Richard Braun
    • 2
  1. 1.Botanical GardenBernSwitzerland
  2. 2.BIOLINKBern 11Switzerland

Bibliographic information