Assessing AIDS Prevention

Selected papers presented at the international conference held in Montreux (Switzerland), October 29–November 1, 1990

  • F. Paccaud
  • J. P. Vader
  • F. Gutzwiller

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
  3. Methods of Assessment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 15-15
    2. R. Coates, M. Millson, T. Myers, J. Rankin, B. McLaughlin, C. Major et al.
      Pages 52-56
    3. A. Stroobant, M. Denayer, A. M. Worm, M. Stangerup, A. Pönkä, L. Meyer et al.
      Pages 69-74
    4. D. Sokal, S. Lankoande, D. Mugrditchian, P. Lamizana, A. Trebucq, R. Salla et al.
      Pages 75-82
  4. General Population

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 95-95
    2. T. Mboya Okeyo
      Pages 109-115
    3. D. Hausser, F. Dubois-Arber, E. Zimmermann
      Pages 116-122
    4. J. C. Estermann, H. G. Maxeiner, R. Bunikowski, K. O. Habermehl, M. A. Koch
      Pages 123-127
    5. E. Zimmermann, C. Jeangros, D. Hausser, P. Zeugin
      Pages 128-133
  5. Male Homo- and Bisexuals

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 135-135
  6. Migrants

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 169-169
  7. Intravenous Drug Users

  8. Male and Female Prostitutes

  9. Individual Counseling and Preventive Treatment

  10. Conclusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 275-275
    2. F. Gutzwiller, J. P. Vader
      Pages 277-284
  11. Addendum to Section General Population

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 285-285
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 293-305

About this book


In most countries, primary prevention programmes against the HIV / AIDS epidemic have been implemented. Broadly speaking, three levels of intervention can be identified: - national campaigns directed to the general population; most of them are multi phase campaigns aimed at providing information about HIV transmission and protective behaviour; they use the various mass media channels and are mainly directed to sexual behaviour modifi­ cation; - community-based interventions, addressed to specific target popula­ tions; these populations have been typically selected according to both the high risk of infection (gay men and prostitutes) and the difficulty to reach the members of these communities (intravenous drug users); - individual testing and counselling, often supported by public funds or large non-governmental organizations. Major efforts have been devoted to the development and the implemen­ tation of these preventive programmes, both in terms of human re­ sources and financial support. On the other hand, in most countries, far less energy has been put into the evaluation of these campaigns. This gap is not explained by the fact that evaluation of AIDS/HIV cam­ paigns is a totally new challenge in terms of methodology: there are classical methods, developed over twenty years and used in other fields of prevention.


AIDS AIDS prevention HIV Primary prevention infection prevention

Editors and affiliations

  • F. Paccaud
    • 1
  • J. P. Vader
    • 1
  • F. Gutzwiller
    • 2
  1. 1.Inst. universitaire de médecine sociale et préventiveLausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institut für Sozial- und PräventivmedizinZürichSwitzerland

Bibliographic information