Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxviii
  2. Karl-Erik Michelsen
    Pages 1-14 Open Access
  3. Technical Perspectives

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 15-15
    2. Markus Korpela, Niko Riikonen, Heidi Piili, Antti Salminen, Olli Nyrhilä
      Pages 17-41 Open Access
    3. Ville Laitinen, Mahdi Merabtene, Erica Stevens, Markus Chmielus, Jan Van Humbeeck, Kari Ullakko
      Pages 43-83 Open Access
    4. Ming Li, Andrija Milojević, Heikki Handroos
      Pages 85-95 Open Access
    5. Michele Urbani, Dario Petri, Matteo Brunelli, Mikael Collan
      Pages 97-111 Open Access
  4. Manufacturing 4.0 Business Models and the Economic Feasibility of Additive Manufacturing

  5. Societal Change Brought About by Manufacturing 4.0

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 191-191
    2. Hanna Nygren, Maarit Virolainen, Raija Hämäläinen, Juhani Rautopuro
      Pages 193-209 Open Access
    3. Heikki Hiilamo, Henri Aaltonen
      Pages 211-232 Open Access
    4. Jari Kaivo-oja, Mikkel Stein Knudsen, Theresa Lauraeus
      Pages 233-258 Open Access
    5. Mikael Collan, Karl-Erik Michelsen
      Pages 259-261 Open Access
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 263-266

About this book


This open access book is among the first cross-disciplinary works about Manufacturing 4.0. It includes chapters about the technical, the economic, and the social aspects of this important phenomenon.  Together the material presented allows the reader to develop a holistic picture of where the manufacturing industry and the parts of the society that depend on it may be going in the future. Manufacturing 4.0 is not only a technical change, nor is it a purely technically driven change, but it is a societal change that has the potential to disrupt the way societies are constructed both in the positive and in the negative.

This book will be of interest to scholars researching manufacturing, technological innovation, innovation management and industry 4.0.


additive manufacturing materials research automation robotics analytics change management business models life-long learning societal adaption open access

Editors and affiliations

  • Mikael Collan
    • 1
  • Karl-Erik Michelsen
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Business and ManagementLUT UniversityLappeenrantaFinland
  2. 2.School of Business and ManagementLUT UniversityLappeenrantaFinland

About the editors

Mikael Collan is a tenured Professor of strategic finance at LUT University in Lappeenranta, Finland. He is an ordinary member of the Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters, the oldest of the four Finnish academies of Science and the past president of the Finnish operations research society.


Karl-Erik Michelsen is a Professor at LUT University, Finland, specializing in innovation and technology studies and business history. In 2018, Michelsen was selected the “professor of the year” in Finland.

Bibliographic information