Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Gaby Ramia
    Pages 1-39 Open Access
  3. Gaby Ramia
    Pages 41-85 Open Access
  4. Gaby Ramia
    Pages 87-122 Open Access
  5. Gaby Ramia
    Pages 123-156 Open Access
  6. Gaby Ramia
    Pages 157-198 Open Access
  7. Gaby Ramia
    Pages 199-224 Open Access
  8. Gaby Ramia
    Pages 225-240 Open Access
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 241-281

About this book


This open access book examines the comparative evolution of social protection in Australia and New Zealand from 1890 to the present day, focusing on the relationship between employment relations and social policy. Utilising longstanding and more recent developments in historical institutionalist methodology, Ramia investigates the relationship between these two policy domains in the context of social protection theory. He argues that treating employment relations as dynamic, and as inextricably intertwined with changes in the welfare state over time, allows for more accurate portrayal of similarity and difference in social protection.


The book will be of most interest to researchers, advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students in social policy, employment relations, public policy, social and political history, and comparative politics.



social harm the free market employment and welfare labour market industrial relations Open access

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Government & IRUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia

About the authors

Gaby Ramia is Associate Professor in Public Policy at the University of Sydney, Australia, and Visiting Professorial Fellow at the Research Institute of the University of Bucharest, Romania. 

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Governing Social Protection in the Long Term
  • Book Subtitle Social Policy and Employment Relations in Australia and New Zealand
  • Authors Gaby Ramia
  • Series Title Global Dynamics of Social Policy
  • Series Abbreviated Title Global Dynamics of soc. Policy
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2020
  • License CC BY
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages Social Sciences Social Sciences (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-030-42053-6
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-030-42056-7
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-030-42054-3
  • Series ISSN 2661-8672
  • Series E-ISSN 2661-8680
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XI, 281
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Social Policy
    Sociology of Work
    Political Sociology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site


“Governing Social Protection in the Long Term stands as a pillar of comparative and historical analysis within the welfare state field. Gaby Ramia’s book is without doubt the single most important contribution to our understanding of the Australian and New Zealand welfare regimes since Castles’ Working Class and Welfare in 1985. What is particularly impressive is Ramia’s ability to tease out the historical interplay – or dialects if you wish – between changes in the world of employment and in social policy. This is a must-read book for any serious social policy scholar.” — Professor Gosta Esping-Andersen, University of Pompeu Fabra, Spain


“This book sheds important historical and cross-national comparative light on the development trajectories of two often-misunderstood welfare regimes – Australia and New Zealand. It is a must-read for anyone excited about the past, present and future of social policy.” — Professor Nicola Yeates, The Open University, UK

“Here, Gaby Ramia rethinks the evolving relationship of work and welfare in Australia and New Zealand and suggests new ways of approaching the history of social protection. This illuminating and richly contextualised account will be valuable not only to students of political and policy history, but also to other social scientists interested in the complex story of divergence and convergence that characterises industrial relations and social welfare in these two antipodean democracies.” — Professor Frank Bongiorno, Australian National University, Australia


 “The social protection and employment regimes of Australia and New Zealand have long been recognised as ‘special’.   In this carefully-crafted historical and comparative analysis, Gaby Ramia bring us a wealth of new insights into this special relationship, showing us how these two cases have changed through time, and diverged quite as much as they have overlapped.  It is essential reading for those who want to understand how the relationship between employment and welfare regimes really works.” — Professor Chris Pierson, University of Nottingham, UK


“Australia and New Zealand remain terra incognita for most welfare scholars, despite their pioneering social policies. Gaby Ramia charts the evolution of their welfare states and, critically, their interaction with and dependence on their employment systems. He thus usually updates and amends Francis Castles original mapping of the Antipodes.” — Professor Herman Schwartz, University of Virgina. USA


“In this concise book, Gaby Ramia explores the relationship between social policy and employment relations in Australia and New Zealand. His historically grounded and theoretically informed comparative analysis draws attention to the importance of employment relations for social policy development. This excellent book is must read for students of social policy in Australia and New Zealand and for comparative policy scholars interested in the interface between social policy and employment relations.” — Professor Daniel Béland, McGill University, Canada