© 2020

The Panenmentalist Philosophy of Science

From the Recognition of Individual Pure Possibilities to Actual Discoveries


Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 424)

About this book


This book presents a philosophy of science, based on panenmentalism: an original modal metaphysics, which is realist about individual pure (non-actual) possibilities and rejects the notion of possible worlds. The book systematically constructs a new and novel way of understanding and explaining scientific progress, discoveries, and creativity. It demonstrates that a metaphysics of individual pure possibilities is indispensable for explaining and understanding mathematics and natural sciences. It examines the nature of individual pure possibilities, actualities, mind-dependent and mind-independent possibilities, as well as mathematical entities. It discusses in detail the singularity of each human being as a psychical possibility. It analyses striking scientific discoveries, and illustrates by means of examples of the usefulness and vitality of individual pure possibilities in the sciences.


Individual Pure (non-acual) Possibilities Open philosophical system Spinoza’s entire philosophy Grades of knowledge Rationalism and empiricism Spinoza’s Substance The Desired System the Necessary Plurality the Problem of the Attributes

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of HaifaMount CarmelIsrael

About the authors

Amihud Gilead was born in Jerusalem in 1947. He is a Professor Emeritus at the Department of philosophy, the University of Haifa. For many years, his main research was devoted to the study of the history of philosophy, especially of early modern philosophy. From 1999 till now he introduced and has elaborated on an original modal metaphysics, panenmentalism, which is a special kind of possibilist realism about individual pure (non-actual) possibilities. Professor Gilead published various books and papers, most of them in English.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title The Panenmentalist Philosophy of Science
  • Book Subtitle From the Recognition of Individual Pure Possibilities to Actual Discoveries
  • Authors Amihud Gilead
  • Series Title Synthese Library
  • Series Abbreviated Title Synthese Library
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Religion and Philosophy Philosophy and Religion (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-030-41123-7
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-030-41126-8
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-030-41124-4
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XII, 315
  • Number of Illustrations 2 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Philosophy of Science
    Mathematical Logic and Foundations
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