The Panenmentalist Philosophy of Science

From the Recognition of Individual Pure Possibilities to Actual Discoveries

  • Amihud Gilead

Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 424)

About this book


This book presents a philosophy of science, based on panenmentalism: an original modal metaphysics, which is realist about individual pure (non-actual) possibilities and rejects the notion of possible worlds. The book systematically constructs a new and novel way of understanding and explaining scientific progress, discoveries, and creativity. It demonstrates that a metaphysics of individual pure possibilities is indispensable for explaining and understanding mathematics and natural sciences. It examines the nature of individual pure possibilities, actualities, mind-dependent and mind-independent possibilities, as well as mathematical entities. It discusses in detail the singularity of each human being as a psychical possibility. It analyses striking scientific discoveries, and illustrates by means of examples of the usefulness and vitality of individual pure possibilities in the sciences.


Individual Pure (non-acual) Possibilities Open philosophical system Spinoza’s entire philosophy Grades of knowledge Rationalism and empiricism Spinoza’s Substance The Desired System the Necessary Plurality the Problem of the Attributes

Authors and affiliations

  • Amihud Gilead
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of HaifaMount CarmelIsrael

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