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Plant Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture

  • Ajar Nath Yadav
  • Joginder Singh
  • Ali Asghar Rastegari
  • Neelam Yadav
Book

Part of the Sustainable Development and Biodiversity book series (SDEB, volume 25)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxiii
  2. Gangavarapu Subrahmanyam, Amit Kumar, Sosanka Protim Sandilya, Mahananda Chutia, Ajar Nath Yadav
    Pages 1-52
  3. Chanda V. Parulekar Berde, Prachiti P. Rawool, Pallaval Veera Bramhachari, Vikrant B. Berde
    Pages 97-111
  4. Natesan Sivakumar, Ramamoorthy Sathishkumar, Gopal Selvakumar, Rajaram Shyamkumar, Kalimuthu Arjunekumar
    Pages 113-172
  5. Monnanda Somaiah Nalini, Harischandra Sripathy Prakash
    Pages 199-244
  6. Ganapathy Ashok, Guruvu Nambirajan, Krishnan Baskaran, Chandran Viswanathan, Xavier Alexander
    Pages 245-262
  7. Dheeraj Pandey, Harbans Kaur Kehri, Ifra Zoomi, Uma Singh, Kanhaiya L. Chaudhri, Ovaid Akhtar
    Pages 263-286
  8. Iti Gontia-Mishra, Swapnil Sapre, Reena Deshmukh, Sumana Sikdar, Sharad Tiwari
    Pages 351-379
  9. Chuks Kenneth Odoh, Kabari Sam, Nenibarini Zabbey, Chibuzor Nwadibe Eze, Amechi S. Nwankwegu, Charity Laku et al.
    Pages 381-424
  10. Simranjeet Singh, Vijay Kumar, Satyender Singh, Daljeet Singh Dhanjal, Shivika Datta, Joginder Singh
    Pages 425-443
  11. Modhurima Misra, Ashish Sachan, Shashwati Ghosh Sachan
    Pages 445-473

About this book

Introduction

This book encompasses the current knowledge of plant microbiomes and their potential biotechnological application for plant growth, crop yield and soil health for sustainable agriculture. The plant microbiomes (rhizospheric, endophytic and epiphytic) play an important role in plant growth, development, and soil health. Plant and rhizospheric soil are a valuable natural resource harbouring hotspots of microbes, and it plays critical roles in the maintenance of global nutrient balance and ecosystem function. The diverse group of microbes is key components of soil–plant systems, where they are engaged in an intense network of interactions in the rhizosphere/endophytic/phyllospheric. The rhizospheric microbial diversity present in rhizospheric zones has a sufficient amount of nutrients release by plant root systems in form of root exudates for growth, development and activities of microbes. The endophytic microbes are referred to those microorganisms, which colonize in the interior of the plant parts, viz root, stem or seeds without causing any harmful effect on host plant. Endophytic microbes enter in host plants mainly through wounds, naturally occurring as a result of plant growth, or through root hairs and at epidermal conjunctions. Endophytes may be transmitted either vertically (directly from parent to offspring) or horizontally (among individuals). The phyllosphere is a common niche for synergism between microbes and plant. The leaf surface has been termed as phyllosphere and zone of leaves inhabited by microorganisms as phyllosphere. The plant part, especially leaves, is exposed to dust and air currents resulting in the establishments of typical flora on their surface aided by the cuticles, waxes and appendages, which help in the anchorage of microorganisms. The phyllospheric microbes may survive or proliferate on leaves depending on extent of influences of material in leaf diffuseness or exudates. The leaf diffuseness contains the principal nutrients factors (amino acids, glucose, fructose and sucrose), and such specialized habitats may provide niche for nitrogen fixation and secretions of substances capable of promoting the growth of plants.

Keywords

Plant Microbiomes Soil Health Sustainable Agriculture Microbes Microbial Diversity

Editors and affiliations

  • Ajar Nath Yadav
    • 1
  • Joginder Singh
    • 2
  • Ali Asghar Rastegari
    • 3
  • Neelam Yadav
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyEternal UniversityBaru SahibIndia
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyLovely Professional UniversityPhagwaraIndia
  3. 3.Falavarjan BranchIslamic Azad UniversityIsfahanIran
  4. 4.Gopi Nath PG College, Veer Bahadur Singh Purvanchal UniversityGhazipurIndia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-38453-1
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-38452-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-38453-1
  • Series Print ISSN 2352-474X
  • Series Online ISSN 2352-4758
  • Buy this book on publisher's site