National Security Exceptions in International Trade and Investment Agreements

Justiciability and Standards of Review

  • Sebastián Mantilla Blanco
  • Alexander Pehl

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Law book series (BRIEFSLAW)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Sebastián Mantilla Blanco, Alexander Pehl
    Pages 1-3
  3. Sebastián Mantilla Blanco, Alexander Pehl
    Pages 5-30
  4. Sebastián Mantilla Blanco, Alexander Pehl
    Pages 63-69
  5. Sebastián Mantilla Blanco, Alexander Pehl
    Pages 71-73

About this book


This book provides a comprehensive analysis of national security exceptions in international trade and investment agreements. The subject has gained particular relevance in the past few years, as both the United States and the Russian Federation have invoked national security as justification for trade-restrictive measures in the context of WTO dispute settlement proceedings. The book describes the evolution of security exceptions in international economic law, from the GATT 1947 to the most recent economic treaties, such as the 2017 Buenos Aires Protocol for Intra-Mercosur Investment and the 2018 USMCA. Further, it presents an overview of the rich array of adjudicatory practices addressing national security clauses, covering the decisions of WTO dispute settlement bodies, the ICJ, and numerous investment arbitral tribunals. To this end, the book addresses the debates surrounding the alleged self-judging character of security exceptions and the standards of review applicable where the exception is considered to be justiciable.


National Security Traffic in Transit Necessity in Investment Law Investment Law WTO World Trade Organization Trade War Essential Security Interest Security Exception Article XXI GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade Standard of Review Self-Judging

Authors and affiliations

  • Sebastián Mantilla Blanco
    • 1
  • Alexander Pehl
    • 2
  1. 1.BonnGermany
  2. 2.CologneGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Law and Criminology
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-38124-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-38125-7
  • Series Print ISSN 2192-855X
  • Series Online ISSN 2192-8568
  • Buy this book on publisher's site