© 2020

Face Recognition Technology

Compulsory Visibility and Its Impact on Privacy and the Confidentiality of Personal Identifiable Images


Part of the Law, Governance and Technology Series book series (LGTS, volume 41)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxiii
  2. Ian Berle
    Pages 1-8
  3. Ian Berle
    Pages 27-38
  4. Ian Berle
    Pages 39-56
  5. Ian Berle
    Pages 57-74
  6. Ian Berle
    Pages 75-85
  7. Ian Berle
    Pages 87-112
  8. Ian Berle
    Pages 113-124
  9. Ian Berle
    Pages 125-146
  10. Ian Berle
    Pages 147-162
  11. Ian Berle
    Pages 185-193
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 195-202

About this book


This book examines how face recognition technology is affecting privacy and confidentiality in an era of enhanced surveillance. Further, it offers a new approach to the complex issues of privacy and confidentiality, by drawing on Joseph K in Kafka’s disturbing novel The Trial, and on Isaiah Berlin’s notion of liberty and freedom. Taking into consideration rights and wrongs, protection from harm associated with compulsory visibility, and the need for effective data protection law, the author promotes ethical practices by reinterpreting privacy as a property right. To protect this right, the author advocates the licensing of personal identifiable images where appropriate.

The book reviews American, UK and European case law concerning privacy and confidentiality, the effect each case has had on the developing jurisprudence, and the ethical issues involved. As such, it offers a valuable resource for students of ethico-legal fields, professionals specialising in image rights law, policy-makers, and liberty advocates and activists.


Autonomy Biometrics Biometric Software Application Compulsory Visibility Confidentiality Data Protection Digital Signage European General Data Protection Regulation Face Recognition Technology Privacy Safe Harbour Surveillance

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.SuttonUK

About the authors

Ian Berle is the specialist assessor for the ‘Legal & Ethical’ module of Staffordshire University’s medical illustration certificate & diploma course. A former Head of Medical Illustration at Barts NHS Health Trust (1982-2008), he holds post-graduate degrees in bioethics and privacy law, and wrote an MPhil thesis on Face Recognition Technology and its effects on privacy and confidentiality. His recent work concerns how the right to one’s own image might be adequately protected, which this work also seeks to address.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Face Recognition Technology
  • Book Subtitle Compulsory Visibility and Its Impact on Privacy and the Confidentiality of Personal Identifiable Images
  • Authors Ian Berle
  • Series Title Law, Governance and Technology Series
  • Series Abbreviated Title Law, Governance and Technology Series
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Law and Criminology Law and Criminology (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-030-36886-9
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-030-36889-0
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-030-36887-6
  • Series ISSN 2352-1902
  • Series E-ISSN 2352-1910
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XXIII, 202
  • Number of Illustrations 4 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics IT Law, Media Law, Intellectual Property
    Legal Aspects of Computing
    Human Rights
    Culture and Technology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site