Rare Metal Technology 2020

  • Gisele Azimi
  • Kerstin Forsberg
  • Takanari Ouchi
  • Hojong Kim
  • Shafiq Alam
  • Alafara Abdullahi Baba
Conference proceedings

Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Lithium, Cobalt, Rare Earth Metals

  3. Rare Earth Metals

  4. PGM, Zn, V, Ti, U, Th, In, Ag, Fe

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 157-157
    2. P. Zimmermann, Ö. Tekinalp, L. Deng, K. Forsberg, Ø. Wilhelmsen, O. Burheim
      Pages 159-167
    3. Dag Øistein Eriksen, Kurt Simon Forrester, Mark Stephen Saxon
      Pages 169-175
    4. Ina Beate Jenssen, Seniz Ucar, Oluf Bøckman, Ole Morten Dotterud, Jens-Petter Andreassen
      Pages 191-199
    5. Alafara A. Baba, Abdulrasheed O. Yusuf, Mustapha A. Raji, Kuranga I. Ayinla, Abdullah S. Ibrahim, Folahan A. Adekola et al.
      Pages 201-208
    6. Junfan Yuan, Yijun Cao, Guixia Fan, Hao Du, David Dreisinger, Guihong Han et al.
      Pages 235-242
    7. Rekha Panda, Manis Kumar Jha, Om Shankar Dinkar, Devendra Deo Pathak
      Pages 243-250
  5. V, Mn, Co, Zn, Mo, Cu, REEs

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 251-251
    2. Archana Kumari, Manis Kumar Jha, Sanchita Chakravarty, Devendra Deo Pathak
      Pages 265-273
    3. Pankaj Kumar Choubey, Manis Kumar Jha, Devendra Deo Pathak
      Pages 275-281
    4. Shuang Liang, Xiaoping Liang, Minghu Wu, Shilei Ren
      Pages 283-294
    5. Dapeng Shi, Guanghui Li, Hu Sun, Jun Luo, Tao Jiang
      Pages 295-304
    6. Xiong Xiao, Shengfu Zhang, Hua Zhang, Guibao Qiu, Yuntao Xin, Jintao Wang
      Pages 305-315
    7. Chengjie Wang, Yiheng Yuan, Bing Xie, Hong-Yi Li
      Pages 317-324
    8. Xiaoyu Meng, Hongbo Zhao, Yisheng Zhang, Yanjun Zhang, Xin Lv, Shuai Wang
      Pages 325-334
    9. Rajesh Kumar Jyothi, Kyeong Woo Chung, Chul-Joo Kim, Ho-Sung Yoon
      Pages 335-345
  6. Poster Session

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 347-347
    2. Hongwei Cheng, Changmiao Liu, Dong Dong, Zihu Lv, Fei Yang
      Pages 349-356
    3. Xin Wang, Junyi Xiang, Qingyun Huang, Xuewei Lv
      Pages 357-364
    4. Dag Øistein Eriksen
      Pages 365-368
    5. Zhi-gan Deng, Guang Fan, Chang Wei, Gang Fan, Min-ting Li, Xing-bin Li et al.
      Pages 369-378
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 379-384

About these proceedings


This collection presents papers from a symposium on extraction of rare metals as well as rare extraction processing techniques used in metal production. Rare metals include strategic metals that are in increasing demand and subject to supply risks. Metals represented include neodymium, dysprosium, scandium and others; platinum group metals including platinum, palladium, iridium, and others; battery related metals including lithium, cobalt, nickel, and aluminum; electronics-related materials including copper and gold; and refectory metals including titanium, niobium, zirconium, and hafnium. Other critical materials such as gallium, germanium, indium and silicon are also included. Papers cover various processing techniques, including but not limited to hydrometallurgy (solvent extraction, ion exchange, precipitation, and crystallization), electrometallurgy (electrorefining and electrowinning), pyrometallurgy, and aeriometallurgy (supercritical fluid extraction). Contributions are focused on primary production as well as secondary production through urban mining and recycling to enable a circular economy.

​A useful resource for all involved in commodity metal production, irrespective of the major metal

Provides knowledge of cross-application among industries

Extraction and processing of rare metals that are the main building block of many emerging critical technologies have been receiving significant attention in recent years.

The technologies that rely on critical metals are prominent worldwide, and finding a way to extract and supply them effectively is highly desirable and beneficial.


Rare metals Critical metals Rare-earth elements Rare-earth metals Battery-related metals Rare metal processing techniques Rare metal extraction Hydrometallurgy Electrometallurgy Pyrometallurgy Ariometallurgy Supercritical fluid extraction

Editors and affiliations

  • Gisele Azimi
    • 1
  • Kerstin Forsberg
    • 2
  • Takanari Ouchi
    • 3
  • Hojong Kim
    • 4
  • Shafiq Alam
    • 5
  • Alafara Abdullahi Baba
    • 6
  1. 1.University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.KTH Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden
  3. 3.The University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  5. 5.University of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada
  6. 6.University of IlorinIlorinNigeria

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2020
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Chemistry and Materials Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-36757-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-36758-9
  • Series Print ISSN 2367-1181
  • Series Online ISSN 2367-1696
  • Buy this book on publisher's site