Landscapes and Landforms of Eastern Canada

  • Olav Slaymaker
  • Norm Catto

Part of the World Geomorphological Landscapes book series (WGLC)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Introduction to the Geomorphological Landscapes of Eastern Canada

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Olav Slaymaker, Norm Catto, Dori J. Kovanen
      Pages 3-48
    3. Norm Catto, Dori J. Kovanen, Olav Slaymaker
      Pages 49-77
    4. Olav Slaymaker, Norm Catto, Dori J. Kovanen
      Pages 79-117
  3. Case Studies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 119-119
    2. Alexis Nutz, Patrick Lajeunesse, Jean-François Ghienne, Mathieu Schuster, Etienne Brouard, Pierre Dietrich et al.
      Pages 145-158
    3. Kamil Zaniewski, Brian Phillips, Fred Dean
      Pages 159-177
    4. L. A. Dredge, L. D. Dyke
      Pages 211-227
    5. Pierre Dietrich, Alexandre Normandeau, Patrick Lajeunesse, Jean-François Ghienne, Mathieu Schuster, Alexis Nutz
      Pages 245-258
    6. Joseph R. Desloges, Roger T. J. Phillips, Mary-Louise Byrne, Jaclyn M. H. Cockburn
      Pages 259-275
    7. Wesley Van Wychen, Luke Copland, David Burgess
      Pages 297-314
    8. Scott F. Lamoureux, Ashley C. A. Rudy
      Pages 315-332
    9. Ian Spooner, Dewey Dunnington, John Gosse, Gerald Osborn, Antony R. Berger, Ian Brookes
      Pages 369-380
    10. Antoine Morissette, Bernard Hétu, Patrick Lajeunesse
      Pages 381-399
    11. Bernard Hétu, Audrey M. Rémillard, Pascal Bernatchez, Guillaume St-Onge
      Pages 431-451
    12. Alexandre Normandeau, David J. W. Piper, John Shaw, Brian J. Todd, D. Calvin Campbell, David C. Mosher
      Pages 453-471
  4. Anthropocene Landscapes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 473-473
    2. Norm Catto, Olav Slaymaker, Dori J. Kovanen
      Pages 475-507
    3. Jacques Schroeder, Michel Beaupré, Daniel Caron
      Pages 509-523
    4. Olav Slaymaker, Norm Catto, Dori J. Kovanen
      Pages 557-582
    5. Olav Slaymaker, Monica E. Mulrennan, Norm Catto
      Pages 583-588
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 589-596

About this book


This is the only book to focus on the geomorphological landscapes of eastern Canada and provides a companion volume to “Landscapes and Landforms of Western Canada” (2017). There are a number of unique characteristics of eastern Canada’s landscapes, notably its magnificent coastlines, the extraordinary variety and extent of wetlands, the huge Great Lakes-St. Lawrence basin, the high incidence of meteorite craters , the spectacular Niagara Falls, urban karst in Montreal and Ottawa, youthful, glaciated karst in Ontario, Newfoundland, Quebec and Nova Scotia, the ubiquitous permafrost terrain of Nunavut, Labrador and northern Quebec and the magnificent arctic fjords and glaciers.

Looking at coastlines, the tidal extremes of the Bay of Fundy are world renowned; the structural complexity of the island of Newfoundland is less well known, but produces an astounding variety of coastlines in close succession; the arctic fjordlands of Baffin and Ellesmere islands and the extravagant raised beaches of Hudson Bay bear comparison with the classic fjords of Norway and the Baltic Sea raised beaches. As for wetlands there are distinctive Arctic, Subarctic, Boreal, Eastern Temperate and Atlantic wetlands and their extent is second only to those of Russia. In the Hudson and James bay regions between 75-100% of the terrestrial surface is comprised of wetlands. One of North America’s largest river basins, the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence basin, has its source in Minnesota, straddles the USA-Canada border and debouches into Quebec as the St. Lawrence River and evolves through its estuary into the Gulf of St. Lawrence, a journey of almost 5,000 km. As far as meteorite craters are concerned, 10% of the world’s total are located in eastern Canada, including some of the largest and most complex. They are preserved preferentially in the ancient Shield terrain of Quebec. Finally, the three million km² of permafrost controlled relief in eastern Canada serves as a reminder of the vulnerability of eastern Canada’s landscapes to climate change. Effects of warming are expressed through thawing of the permafrost, disruption of transportation corridors and urban construction problems, ever-present geomorphic hazards


Geomorphology Landscapes and Landforms of Canada Physical Geography Geological structure Topographic relief Geomorphological process Quaternary history Eastern Canadian landscapes Landforms Society-environment interrelationships Geomorphological landscape regions

Editors and affiliations

  • Olav Slaymaker
    • 1
  • Norm Catto
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Department of GeographyMemorial University of Newfoundland and LabradorSt John'sCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-35135-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-35137-3
  • Series Print ISSN 2213-2090
  • Series Online ISSN 2213-2104
  • Buy this book on publisher's site