© 2020

Government and Merchant Finance in Anglo-Gascon Trade, 1300–1500


Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of Finance book series (PSHF)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Robert Blackmore
    Pages 1-18
  3. Robert Blackmore
    Pages 19-55
  4. Robert Blackmore
    Pages 57-93
  5. Robert Blackmore
    Pages 95-139
  6. Robert Blackmore
    Pages 141-200
  7. Robert Blackmore
    Pages 201-274
  8. Robert Blackmore
    Pages 275-283
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 285-324

About this book


The Late Middle Ages (c.1300–c.1500) saw the development of many of the key economic institutions of the modern unitary nation-state in Europe. After the ‘commercial revolution’ of the thirteenth century, taxes on trade became increasingly significant contributors to government finances, and as such there were ever greater efforts to control the flow of goods and money.

This book presents a case study of the commercial and financial links between the kingdom of England and the duchy of Aquitaine across the late-medieval period, with a special emphasis on the role of the English Plantagenet government that had ruled both in a political union since 1154. It establishes a strong connection between fluctuations in commodity markets, large monetary flows and unstable financial markets, most notably in trade credit and equity partnerships.

It shows how the economic relationship deteriorated under the many exogenous shocks of the period, the wars, plagues and famines, as well as politically motivated regulatory intervention. Despite frequent efforts to innovate in response, both merchants and governments experienced a series of protracted financial crises that presaged the break-up of the union of kingdom and duchy in 1453, with the latter’s conquest by the French crown. Of particular interest to scholars of the late-medieval European economy, this book will also appeal to those researching wider economic or financial history.


financial history Medieval history mercantile credit overseas trade political economy Mercantile finance Public finance Anglo-Gascon trade

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.OxfordUK

About the authors

Robert Blackmore is an economic historian specialising in trade and finance in the Late Middle Ages. He was awarded his PhD in 2018 by the University of Southampton, UK, for his doctoral thesis ‘The Political Economy of the Anglo-Gascon Wine Trade, c.1348–c.1453'.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Government and Merchant Finance in Anglo-Gascon Trade, 1300–1500
  • Authors Robert Blackmore
  • Series Title Palgrave Studies in the History of Finance
  • Series Abbreviated Title Palgrave Studies in the History of Finance
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages Economics and Finance Economics and Finance (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-030-34535-8
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-030-34538-9
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-030-34536-5
  • Series ISSN 2662-5164
  • Series E-ISSN 2662-5172
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XV, 324
  • Number of Illustrations 13 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Financial History
    History of Medieval Europe
    Public Finance
  • Buy this book on publisher's site


“This compelling analysis of the commercial and fiscal impact of the political union of England and Aquitaine in the late middle ages offers new data drawn from a wide range of archival sources, as well as challenges to traditional interpretations that have underplayed the key role of financial institutions and commodity markets, notably wine, in shaping political ties. Especially valuable are the new insights provided about the multi-faceted relationship between financial and political capital that worked to create and then weaken the bonds between England and the duchy.” (Maryanne Kowaleski, Joseph Fitzpatrick S.J. Distinguished Professor of History and Medieval Studies, Fordham University, USA)