© 2020

The Lived Experience of Hate Crime

Towards a Phenomenological Approach


Part of the Contributions to Phenomenology book series (CTPH, volume 111)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Analysis and Descriptive Explication

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Michael Salter, Kim McGuire
      Pages 3-35
    3. Michael Salter, Kim McGuire
      Pages 37-51
    4. Michael Salter, Kim McGuire
      Pages 53-88
    5. Michael Salter, Kim McGuire
      Pages 89-137
  3. Part II

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 139-139
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 281-286

About this book


This book approaches the topic of the subjective, lived experience of hate crime from the perspective of Husserlian phenomenology. It provides an experientially well-grounded account of how and what is experienced as a hate crime, and what this reveals about ourselves as the continually reconstituted “subject” of such experiences.

The book shows how qualitative social science methods can be better grounded in philosophically informed theory and methodological practices to add greater depth and explanatory power to experiential approaches to social sciences topics.  The Authors also highlight several gaps and contradictions within Husserlian analyses of prejudice, which are exposed by attempts to concretely apply this approach to the field of hate crimes.

Coverage includes the difficulties in providing an empathetic understanding of expressions of harmful forms of prejudice underlying hate crimes, including hate speech, arising from our own and others’ ‘life worlds’. The Authors describe a ‘Husserlian-based’ view of hate crime as well as a novel interpretation of the value of the comprehensive methodological stages pioneered by Husserl.

The intended readership includes those concerned with discrimination and hate crime, as well as those involved in qualitative research into social topics in general. The broader content level makes this work suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate students, even professionals within law enforcement.


Criminology Experiential Methodology Grounded Theory Hate Crime and Phenomenology Husserl Interpretive Social Science Lived Experience Memory and Victimization Phenomenology of Embodiment Qualitative Research Methods

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Lancashire Law SchoolUniversity of Central LancashirePrestonUK
  2. 2.Lancashire Law SchoolUniversity of Central LancashirePrestonUK

About the authors

Michael Salter, Professor of Law, University of Central Lancashire teaches on European and International Human Rights (LLM), Legal Research Methods/Methodology (LLM), International Criminal Law, War Crimes Trials: Law and Policy, Thinking and Arguing about Law, Law and Moral Dilemmas. His research interests include Legal reasoning skills and rhetoric: the pervasive and double-edged role played by various linguistic and rhetorical devices in legal reasoning, especially metaphors, in judicial creativity (Salter and Culley 2005 Of particular interest he has focused upon the importance for legal researchers of cross referencing formal legal categories to the actual concrete lived-experience of those involved in law and affected by its practices (various articles on phenomenology from mid-1980’s onwards). 

Kim McGuire, PhD, Senior Lecturer in Law, has focused her research upon the creation and effect of cognitive interpretations, with particular regard to improvement in legal approaches. Her work draws upon her background in History, English Literature and Law.  In recent years she has focused upon perceptions and the law concerning ‘hate crime’ in the EU. Kim teaches criminal law and criminology.  Areas of interest: perceptions of Law in action, utilising Linguistic, psychological, philosophical, socio-economic and historical perspectives.

Bibliographic information


“I found the book to be a very valuable addition to phenomenological scholarship. I hope this work sparks more phenomenological interest in areas such as hate crime and violence.” (R. Krishnaswamy, Jindal Global Law Review, Vol. 11 (1), 2020)