© 2020

Ombudsman as a Global Institution

Transnational Governance and Accountability


Part of the Public Sector Organizations book series (PSO)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Global Institution

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Tero Erkkilä
      Pages 3-19
  3. Ombudsman in Finland

  4. European Ombudsman

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 141-141
  5. Conclusions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 207-207
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 227-231

About this book


This book explores the ombudsman as a global institution. It has spread all over the world and its institutional development is increasingly being governed transnationally. Initially an institution of administrative law, the ombudsman has become a human rights institution and institution of good governance. These ideational shifts have influenced the global diffusion of the ombudsman but also the way in which this institution of accountability functions. The ombudsman is a peculiar institution of public accountability - both an institution and individual - that observes changes in the general political climate and engages in renegotiations of its intra-institutional position. The global models associated with the ombudsman are a source of organizational ideas, legitimacy, and sense of orientation, but they treat institutional actors differently, working also as mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion. The book tracks the global diffusion and institutional evolution of the ombudsman. Its chapters on institutional cases further explore the joint institutional history of the Parliamentary Ombudsman and the Chancellor of Justice in Finland, and the European Ombudsman.

Tero Erkkilä is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Helsinki, Finland. His previous books include Government TransparencyGlobal University RankingsPublic Administration (with B. Guy Peters and Patrick von Maravic) and Global Knowledge Governance (with Ossi Piironen).


Ombudsman human rights good governance organizational models diffusion accountability transnational governance National Human Rights Institution international governance good governance Finnish Ombudsman insitutional change discourse human rights public accountability global models supranational accountability transparency politicization actors

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Political Science, Faculty of Social SciencesUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

About the authors

Tero Erkkilä is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Helsinki, Finland. His previous books include Government Transparency, Global University Rankings, Public Administration (with B. Guy Peters and Patrick von Maravic) and Global Knowledge Governance (with Ossi Piironen).

Bibliographic information